Michael Whitley

Learn More
Transcription of endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (E-selectin or ELAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is induced by the inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha). The positive regulatory domains required for maximal levels of(More)
E-selectin expression by endothelium is crucial for leukocyte recruitment during inflammatory responses. Transcriptional regulation of the E-selectin promoter by tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) requires multiple nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) binding sites and a cAMP-responsive element/activating transcription factor-like binding site designated(More)
The vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) is a 110-kD member of the immunoglobulin gene superfamily expressed on the surface of interleukin 1 beta- or tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF)-stimulated endothelial cells. The cell surface protein functions as an inducible adhesion receptor for circulating mononuclear leukocytes and some tumor cells. We have(More)
Structural analysis of the promoters of several endothelial genes induced at sites of inflammatory or immune responses reveals binding sites for the transcription factor nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa B). Endothelial cells express transcripts encoding the p50/p105 and p65 components of NF-kappa B and the rel-related proto-oncogene c-rel; steady state(More)
Transcription of the endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule 1 (E-selectin or ELAM-1) gene is induced by the inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1 beta and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha). In this report, we identify four positive regulatory domains (PDI to PDIV) in the E-selectin promoter that are required for maximal levels of TNF-alpha induction(More)
Osteoblast differentiation is a key aspect of bone formation and remodeling. To further our understanding of the differentiation process, we have developed a collection of conditionally immortalized adult human osteoblast cell lines representing discrete stages of differentiation. To evaluate changes in gene expression associated with differentiation,(More)
The ability to construct comprehensive gene expression profiles comprising hundreds to thousands of genes whose RNA levels are monitored simultaneously represents an exciting new capability in molecular biology. This is accomplished by hybridizing mRNA, which has been quantitatively amplified and labeled with biotin, to DNA chips that display thousands of(More)
An important early step in the development of an inflammatory infiltrate is the induction of new endothelial cell surface proteins. Cytokine-induced expression of endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (E-selectin or ELAM-1) may mediate neutrophil adhesion to endothelium, whereas induced expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM-1) may be(More)
The cAMP-responsive element/activating transcription factor (CRE/ATF) element (also known as NF-ELAM1) of the endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (ELAM-1) promoter is necessary for full cytokine responsiveness. It differs from a consensus cAMP-responsive element (CRE) by 1 nucleotide (G-->A conversion) and does not mediate transcriptional activation(More)
Developmental patterning requires the precise interplay of numerous intercellular signaling pathways to ensure that cells are properly specified during tissue formation and organogenesis. The spatiotemporal function of the Notch signaling pathway is strongly influenced by the biosynthesis and intracellular trafficking of signaling components. Receptors and(More)