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Formins are involved in a variety of cellular processes that require the remodelling of the cytoskeleton. They contain formin homology domains FH1 and FH2, which initiate actin assembly. The Diaphanous-related formins form a subgroup that is characterized by an amino-terminal Rho GTPase-binding domain (GBD) and an FH3 domain, which bind somehow to the(More)
Septins are GTP-binding proteins that assemble into homo- and hetero-oligomers and filaments. Although they have key roles in various cellular processes, little is known concerning the structure of septin subunits or the organization and polarity of septin complexes. Here we present the structures of the human SEPT2 G domain and the heterotrimeric human(More)
Rap1 is a Ras-like guanine-nucleotide-binding protein (GNBP) that is involved in a variety of signal-transduction processes. It regulates integrin-mediated cell adhesion and might activate extracellular signal-regulated kinase. Like other Ras-like GNBPs, Rap1 is regulated by guanine-nucleotide-exchange factors (GEFs) and GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs).(More)
BACKGROUND Cell grafting has emerged as a novel approach to treat heart diseases refractory to conventional therapy. We hypothesize that survival and functional and electrical integration of grafts may be improved by engineering cardiac tissue constructs in vitro before grafting. METHODS AND RESULTS Engineered heart tissue (EHT) was reconstituted by(More)
Sirtuins are NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylases regulating metabolism, stress responses, and aging processes. Mammalia have seven Sirtuin isoforms, Sirt1-7, which differ in their substrate specificities and subcellular localizations. The physiological functions of Sirtuins make them interesting therapeutic targets, which has stimulated extensive efforts(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1), a member of the interleukin-6 superfamily, is a potent inducer of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy that prolongs myocyte survival. Although cardiac CT-1 gene expression is known to be upregulated in some animal models of congestive heart failure, the activation state of the CT-1 system in patients with congestive heart failure is(More)
BACKGROUND New renal biomarkers measured in urine promise to increase specificity for risk stratification and early diagnosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) but concomitantly may be altered by urine concentration effects and chronic renal insufficiency. This study therefore directly compared the performance of AKI biomarkers in urine and plasma. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) have revolutionized the treatment of patients with acute and chronic heart failure as they provide a high quality of life. We report on our experience with patients receiving ambulatory care after LVAD implantation. METHODS AND RESULTS Since July 1995, 46 patients with a mean age of 45+/-11 years underwent(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), a potent vasodilator released from a subset of sensory Adelta- and C-fiber afferents, has been suggested to play a beneficial role in myocardial ischemia. Variations in CGRP release can possibly be correlated with diseases that involve changes in activity or degeneration of cardial afferent fibers. The aim of the(More)