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Phthalic acid esters and phosphororganic compounds (POC) are generally known as semivolatile organic compounds (SVOCs) and are frequently utilized as plasticizers and flame retardants in commercial products. In the indoor environment, both compound groups are released from a number of sources under normal living conditions and accumulate in air and dust.(More)
The release of ultra-fine particles (UFP, d < 0.1 microm) from hardcopy devices such as laser printers into the indoor environment is currently a topic of high concern. The general emission behavior of a printer can be examined by conducting emission test chamber measurements with particle-counting devices. Chamber experiments with modified laser printers(More)
It has now been recognized that some hardcopy devices emit ultrafine particles (d(p) < 100 nm) during their operation. As a consequence, the time-dependent characterization of particle release from laser printers is of high interest in order to evaluate the exposure of office workers to such emissions. The emission profiles of different printers can be(More)
While current research has demonstrated that the operation of some laser printers results in emission of high concentrations of ultrafine particles, fundamental gaps in knowledge in relation to the emissions still remain. In particular, there have been no answers provided to questions such as the following: (1) What is the composition of the particles? (2)(More)
In the Netherlands, clinical practice physiotherapy guidelines are mainly implemented by using passive implementation strategies. It is well known that these strategies are not effective in establishing changes in behaviour of health care professionals. Therefore, a new implementation strategy was developed for the physiotherapy guidelines on low back pain.(More)
Emission test chambers or cells are used to determine organic vapour emissions from construction products under controlled conditions. Polymeric car trim component emissions are typically evaluated using direct thermal desorption/extraction. The Microchamber/Thermal Extractor (mu-CTE, Markes International) was developed to provide both a complementary tool(More)
In recent years the pollution of indoor air with ultrafine particles has been an object of intensive research. Several studies have concurred in demonstrating that outdoor air makes only a limited contribution to polluting indoor air with ultrafine particles, provided significant sources in the immediate neighborhood are absent. Nowadays, electrical devices(More)
A comment on 'Theegarten et al.: Submesothelial deposition of carbon nanoparticles after toner exposition: Case report. Diagnostic Pathology 2010, 5:77' We read with interest the article by Theegarten et al. [1] which reports on the case of a patient in whose peri-toneum were found submesothial aggregates of carbon nanoparticles (CNPs) with a diameter of(More)
The use of combustion heat sources like wood-burning fireplaces has regained popularity in the past years due to increasing energy costs. While the outdoor emissions from wood ovens are strictly regulated in Germany, the indoor release of combustion products is rarely considered. Seven wood burning fireplaces were tested in private homes between November(More)
Decorative ethanol fireplaces are becoming more and more commonly used in many different countries. These fireplaces are constructed such that they have no fume extraction system, and so all of the gases from combustion, volatile organic compounds, and particulate emissions are released into the room. In order to determine the release behavior and the(More)