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Sterol 14 alpha-demethylase (CYP51) is the single cytochrome P450 (CYP) required for sterol biosynthesis in different phyla, and it is the most widely distributed P450 gene family being found in all biological kingdoms. It catalyzes the first step following cyclization in sterol biosynthesis such as removal of the 14 alpha-methyl group from lanosterol in(More)
Phosphorylation of the cytochrome P450 aromatase has been proposed as a switch to rapidly modulate enzymatic activity and estrogen biosynthesis. Herein, we demonstrate that aromatase serine-118 is a potential phosphorylation site in mammalian cells. The amino acid context surrounding S118 is highly conserved among diverse animal species and suggests that an(More)
Coelibactin is a putative non-ribosomally synthesized peptide with predicted zincophore activity and which has been implicated in antibiotic regulation in Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2). The coelibactin biosynthetic pathway contains a stereo- and regio-specific monooxygenation step catalyzed by a cytochrome P450 enzyme (CYP105N1). We have determined the(More)
The steroid hormones corticosterone and testosterone are supplied to the central nervous system by endocrine glands, the adrenals and gonads. In contrast, the 3 beta-hydroxy-delta 5-derivatives of cholesterol, pregnenolone and dehydroepiandrosterone, accumulate in the rat brain through mechanisms independent of peripheral sources. Immunohistochemical(More)
Preliminary studies of a partial cDNA clone of the Eig17-1 gene from Drosophila melanogaster have shown that it encodes a probable cytochrome P450 of unknown function. To further characterize the Eig17-1 gene product, a full-length cDNA clone was isolated from a late-larval cDNA library and sequenced. Eig17-1 encodes a protein of 538 amino acids. The(More)
Using the reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, mRNAs encoding steroidogenic P450s as well as NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (P450 reductase), adrenodoxin and the transcription factor steroidogenic factor 1 (SF-1) were all detected in rodent brain, but their distribution between brain regions varied. Adrenodoxin and P450 reductase were detected(More)
The actions of ACTH to regulate the synthesis of the various enzymes involved in steroid hormone biosynthesis have been studied using bovine adrenocortical cells in monolayer culture. ACTH causes an increase in the synthesis of both the mitochondrial and the microsomal forms of cytochrome P-450 involved in steroid hormone biosynthesis, as well as of the(More)
BACKGROUND The CYP4A11 arachidonic acid monooxygenase oxidizes endogenous arachidonic acid (AA) to 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), a metabolite with renovascular and tubular functions. Mice with targeted disruption of Cyp4a14, a murine homologue of CYP4A11, have severe hypertension. We combined molecular and biochemical approaches to identify a(More)
Abstract Specific antibodies obtained in rabbits after injection of bovine cholesterol side-chain cleavage enzymes cytochrome P-450scc, adrenodoxin and adrenodoxin-reductase were used for immunohistochemical studies in human brain. The three enzymes were co-localized in the white matter of the cerebellum. This observation strongly suggests the existence of(More)
In the present study we describe the complete cytochrome P450 complement, the "CYPome," of Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2). Eighteen cytochromes P450 (CYP) are described, in contrast to the absence of CYPs in Escherichia coli, and the twenty observed in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Here we confirm protein identity as cytochromes P450 by heterologous expression(More)