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Sterol 14 alpha-demethylase (CYP51) is the single cytochrome P450 (CYP) required for sterol biosynthesis in different phyla, and it is the most widely distributed P450 gene family being found in all biological kingdoms. It catalyzes the first step following cyclization in sterol biosynthesis such as removal of the 14 alpha-methyl group from lanosterol in(More)
Phosphorylation of the cytochrome P450 aromatase has been proposed as a switch to rapidly modulate enzymatic activity and estrogen biosynthesis. Herein, we demonstrate that aromatase serine-118 is a potential phosphorylation site in mammalian cells. The amino acid context surrounding S118 is highly conserved among diverse animal species and suggests that an(More)
Coelibactin is a putative non-ribosomally synthesized peptide with predicted zincophore activity and which has been implicated in antibiotic regulation in Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2). The coelibactin biosynthetic pathway contains a stereo- and regio-specific monooxygenation step catalyzed by a cytochrome P450 enzyme (CYP105N1). We have determined the(More)
The steroid hormones corticosterone and testosterone are supplied to the central nervous system by endocrine glands, the adrenals and gonads. In contrast, the 3 beta-hydroxy-delta 5-derivatives of cholesterol, pregnenolone and dehydroepiandrosterone, accumulate in the rat brain through mechanisms independent of peripheral sources. Immunohistochemical(More)
Preliminary studies of a partial cDNA clone of the Eig17-1 gene from Drosophila melanogaster have shown that it encodes a probable cytochrome P450 of unknown function. To further characterize the Eig17-1 gene product, a full-length cDNA clone was isolated from a late-larval cDNA library and sequenced. Eig17-1 encodes a protein of 538 amino acids. The(More)
Using the reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, mRNAs encoding steroidogenic P450s as well as NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (P450 reductase), adrenodoxin and the transcription factor steroidogenic factor 1 (SF-1) were all detected in rodent brain, but their distribution between brain regions varied. Adrenodoxin and P450 reductase were detected(More)
BACKGROUND The CYP4A11 arachidonic acid monooxygenase oxidizes endogenous arachidonic acid (AA) to 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), a metabolite with renovascular and tubular functions. Mice with targeted disruption of Cyp4a14, a murine homologue of CYP4A11, have severe hypertension. We combined molecular and biochemical approaches to identify a(More)
The actions of ACTH to regulate the synthesis of the various enzymes involved in steroid hormone biosynthesis have been studied using bovine adrenocortical cells in monolayer culture. ACTH causes an increase in the synthesis of both the mitochondrial and the microsomal forms of cytochrome P-450 involved in steroid hormone biosynthesis, as well as of the(More)
Chagas disease is a deadly infection caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. Afflicting approximately 8 million people in Latin America, Chagas disease is now becoming a serious global health problem proliferating beyond the traditional geographical borders, mainly because of human and vector migration. Because the disease is endemic in(More)
Cortisol production requires the activity of only 17 alpha-hydroxylase, whereas the formation of sex steroids requires both 17 alpha-hydroxylase and 17,20-lyase activities. Studies in reconstituted enzyme systems have suggested that a single steroid hydroxylase, 17 alpha-hydroxylase cytochrome P-450 (P-450(17) alpha), catalyzes both activities. By(More)