Michael Wark

Learn More
The conventional polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) materials for fuel cell applications strongly rely on temperature and pressure conditions for optimal performance. In order to expand the range of operating conditions of these conventional PEM materials, mesoporous functionalised SiO(2) additives are developed. It has been demonstrated that these(More)
Two types of TiO(2) are used as mesoporous scaffolds, one (i) randomly sintered yielding an average pore size of 15-20 nm including bottlenecks of 1-3 nm (s-TiO(2)), the other (ii) prepared by evaporation-induced self-assembly with a pore size of 7-9 nm (t-TiO(2)). The pore walls of these materials were post-grafted with phosphonic acids bearing one or two(More)
Ten mixed-linker metal-organic frameworks [Al(OH)(m-BDC-X)(1-y)(m-BDC-SO3H)y] (H2BDC = 1,3-benzenedicarboxylic acid; X = H, NO2, OH) exhibiting the CAU-10-type structure were synthesized. The compounds can be grouped into three series according to the combination of ligands employed. The three series of compounds were obtained by employing different ratios(More)
A detailed understanding of micelle formation that occurs above a critical micelle concentration (cmc) is a crucial point for the surfactant-assisted preparation of porous materials such as molecular sieves. However, the role of the cmc in the surfactant-assisted electrodeposition of porous oxides is widely unknown. In this study, we investigated the(More)
Mesoporous silica thin films were shown to be an appropriate matrix for immobilization of discrete electroactive moieties, yielding uniform transparent thin film electrodes with defined texture and enhanced electrochemical activity. The mesoporous silica films prepared on conducting FTO-coated glass substrate were postsynthetically functionalized.(More)
Nanometer-sized mesoporous silica particles of around 100-nm diameter functionalized with a large amount of sulfonic acid groups are prepared using a simple and fast in situ co-condensation procedure. A highly ordered hexagonal pore structure is established by applying a pre-hydrolysis step in a high-dilution synthesis approach, followed by adding the(More)
We present a versatile method for the preparation of mesoporous tin-doped indium oxide (ITO) thin films via dip-coating. Two poly(isobutylene)-b-poly(ethyleneoxide) (PIB-PEO) copolymers of significantly different molecular weight (denoted as PIB-PEO 3000 and PIB-PEO 20000) are used as templates and are compared with non-templated films to clarify the effect(More)
Well-ordered 3D mesoporous indium tin oxide (ITO) films obtained by a templated sol-gel route are discussed as conductive porous current collectors. This paper explores the use of such films modified by electrochemical deposition of zinc oxide (ZnO) on the pore walls to improve the electron transport in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Mesoporous ITO(More)
The crystallization pathway of indium tin oxide nanoparticles during solvothermal synthesis in benzyl alcohol was investigated. The synthesis was stopped after different reaction times in the range of 1-24 h, and the structural and morphological characteristics of the products were analyzed by powder X-ray diffraction, electron microscopy, and UV/Vis(More)
Fuel cell driven cars belong to the ‘zero emission’ vehicles and should contribute to lower CO2 emissions. However, they contain platinum, which is known as a critical material in the European Union. This study investigated the potential contribution of recycling fuel cell vehicles (FCV) to satisfy the platinum demand arising from a widespread deployment of(More)