Michael Waller

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OBJECTIVES The Early Retavase-Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (ER-TIMI) 19 trial tested the feasibility of prehospital initiation of the bolus fibrinolytic reteplase (rPA) and determined the time saved by prehospital rPA in the setting of contemporary emergency cardiac care. BACKGROUND Newer bolus fibrinolytics have undergone only limited evaluation(More)
PURPOSE The healthy soldier effect denotes the proposition that military populations are likely to be healthier than other populations. A systematic review was conducted which aimed to quantify the magnitude of the healthy soldier effect. METHODS Studies containing mortality rates of military personnel were identified from multiple electronic databases.(More)
CONTEXT Among patients with acute myocardial infarction, combination reperfusion therapy with a platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor inhibitor (abciximab) and a half dose of a plasminogen activator (reteplase) did not significantly reduce mortality at 30 days compared with a full dose of reteplase. Rates of nonfatal ischemic complications were(More)
The operational tempo of the Australian Defence Force has increased over the last two decades. We examine the relationship between health of personnel and the frequency and duration of their deployment. Self-reported health measures (number of symptoms, Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist) were compared for(More)
Until the mid-20th century, mortality rates were often very high during measles epidemics, particularly among previously isolated populations (e.g., islanders), refugees/internees who were forcibly crowded into camps, and military recruits. Searching for insights regarding measles mortality rates, we reviewed historical records of measles epidemics on the(More)
A 47-year-old Caucasian man was admitted to hospital with respiratory failure due to a severe pneumonia, requiring admission to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) for respiratory support. Bronchial washings cultured Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a rare cause of respiratory failure, and fortunately he responded to standard antituberculous therapy. However, the(More)
BACKGROUND The association between stressful events on warlike deployments and subsequent mental health problems has been established. Less is known about the effects of stressful events on peacekeeping deployments. METHODS Two cross sectional studies of the Australian Defence Force were used to contrast the prevalence of exposures reported by a group(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding the risk of mortality during the 1918-1919 influenza pandemic could inform preparations for a future pandemic. METHODS Prospectively collected demographic, hospitalization, and death data from all individuals who served in the Australian Imperial Force from 1914 through 1919 in Europe and the Middle East were abstracted from(More)
There were multiple waves of influenza-like illness in 1918, the last of which resulted in a highly lethal pandemic killing 50 million people. It is difficult to study the initial waves of influenza-like illness in early 1918 because few deaths resulted and few morbidity records exist. Using extant military mortality records, we constructed mortality maps(More)