Michael W. Woolridge

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BACKGROUND Human breastmilk provides complete nutrition for infants and helps protect against certain childhood diseases. Despite this, rates of initiation of breastfeeding in the UK remain low relative to other countries. In 'Our healthier nation' action report, the government has highlighted the promotion of breastfeeding in order to assist improvements(More)
Fourteen newborn babies of different gestational ages (33 to 40 weeks) but similar postnatal age (four to 19 days) were studied during bottle-feeding using real-time ultrasonography, combined with respiratory monitoring. Previously undescribed tongue movements and graded changes in the temporal relationships between tongue movements, swallowing and(More)
Healthy infants' sucking, swallowing and breathing movements were observed ultrasonographically during breast- and bottle-feeding between two and five days after birth. Sucks were found to occur either on their own or in combination with a swallow. Swallows did not occur on their own. Younger babies' swallowing invariably was associated with a pause in(More)
Existing studies monitoring organochlorine pesticide residues in breastmilk were examined to identify whether common factors determine the extent of transfer of these residues. A structured review of the English language literature was conducted. Papers were reviewed and assessed using a structured protocol. A total of 77 papers were initially identified,(More)
The stability of alpha 1-microglobulin (alpha 1M), beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2M) and retinol binding protein (RBP) in urine was determined in 135 random samples from children with renal disease, febrile illness, malignancy, and from controls. Immediately after voiding, samples were divided into two portions, one of which was alkalinized. After identical(More)
Serum and urinary levels of alpha-1-microglobulin (A1M), beta-2-microglobulin (B2M) and retinol binding protein (RBP) were measured using a Mancini radial immunodiffusion technique in 52 children with renal disease, 36 with non-renal febrile illness and 29 controls. In controls the mean serum level for A1M was 25±4.6 (SD) mg/l for B2M 1.7±0.5 mg/l and for(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that the timing of a baby's first breastfeed may influence breastfeeding duration and emotional attachment. OBJECTIVES The objective of this review was to assess the effects of breastfeeding soon after birth (within 30 minutes) compared to being breastfed later (between 4 to 8 hours after delivery) on the duration of(More)
Twelve mother/baby pairs took part in a study of the difference in effect of two patterns of breast feeding--either feeding at one breast or at two breasts during a feed. Baseline measures were taken at 4 weeks, and the test patterns of feeding were followed for a week each, in random order. The two patterns of feeding led to differences in milk volume(More)
Relationships between nursing patterns, supplementary food intake and breast-milk intake were examined in a group of 52 Thai babies under 1 year of age. All data were collected over two consecutive days, 24 h/day. Total sucking time (min/day) and supplementary food intake (kcal/day) were significant predictors of breast-milk intake after allowing for the(More)
The Looking at Infant Feeding Today (LIFT) study examined the factors underlying the infant feeding choices of first-time mothers in the Leeds and Bradford areas of England experiencing material hardship, with a view to informing interventions aimed at increasing breastfeeding uptake amongst this group. This short report describes the novel methodology used(More)