Michael W. W. Adams

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A thermostable DNA polymerase which possesses an associated 3'-to-5' exonuclease (proofreading) activity has been isolated from the hyperthermophilic archaebacterium, Pyrococcus furiosus (Pfu). To test its fidelity, we have utilized a genetic assay that directly measures DNA polymerase fidelity in vitro during the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Our(More)
The hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus uses carbohydrates as a carbon source and produces acetate, CO2, and H2 as end products. When S(0) is added to a growing culture, within 10 min the rate of H2 production rapidly decreases and H(2)S is detected. After 1 hour cells contain high NADPH- and coenzyme A-dependent S(0) reduction activity (0.7(More)
The crystal structure of the tungsten-containing aldehyde ferredoxin oxidoreductase (AOR) from Pyrococcus furiosus, a hyperthermophilic archaeon (formerly archaebacterium) that grows optimally at 100 degrees C, has been determined at 2.3 angstrom resolution by means of multiple isomorphous replacement and multiple crystal form averaging. AOR consists of two(More)
An early divergence in evolution has resulted in two prokaryotic domains, the Bacteria and the Archaea. Whereas the central metabolic routes of bacteria and eukaryotes are generally well-conserved, variant pathways have developed in Archaea involving several novel enzymes with a distinct control. A spectacular example of convergent evolution concerns the(More)
In attempts to develop a method of introducing DNA into Pyrococcus furiosus, we discovered a variant within the wild-type population that is naturally and efficiently competent for DNA uptake. A pyrF gene deletion mutant was constructed in the genome, and the combined transformation and recombination frequencies of this strain allowed marker replacement by(More)
The first complete-genome DNA microarray was constructed for a hyperthermophile or a nonhalophilic archaeon by using the 2,065 open reading frames (ORFs) that have been annotated in the genome of Pyrococcus furiosus (optimal growth temperature, 100 degrees C). This was used to determine relative transcript levels in cells grown at 95 degrees C with either(More)
The hyperthermophilic and anaerobic bacterium Thermotoga maritima ferments a wide variety of carbohydrates, producing acetate, CO(2), and H(2). Glucose is degraded through a classical Embden-Meyerhof pathway, and both NADH and reduced ferredoxin are generated. The oxidation of these electron carriers must be coupled to H(2) production, but the mechanism by(More)
Most fungi and bacteria degrade plant cell walls by secreting free, complementary enzymes that hydrolyze cellulose; however, some bacteria use large enzymatic assemblies called cellulosomes, which recruit complementary enzymes to protein scaffolds. The thermophilic bacterium Caldicellulosiruptor bescii uses an intermediate strategy, secreting many free(More)
DNA microarrays were constructed by using 271 open reading frame (ORFs) from the genome of the archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus. They were used to investigate the effects of elemental sulfur (S(primary)) on the levels of gene expression in cells grown at 95 degrees C with maltose as the carbon source. The ORFs included those that are proposed to encode proteins(More)
The archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus grows optimally at 100 degrees C by the fermentation of carbohydrates to yield acetate, CO2, and H2. Cell-free extracts contain very low activity of the glycolytic enzyme, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, but extremely high activity of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate ferredoxin oxidoreductase (GAPOR). GAPOR was purified(More)