Michael W. Vitalini

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All cells of a given organism contain nearly identical genetic information, yet tissues display unique gene expression profiles. This specificity is in part due to transcriptional control by epigenetic mechanisms that involve post-translational modifications of histones. These modifications affect the folding of the chromatin fiber and serve as binding(More)
Circadian clocks are composed of central oscillators, input pathways that transduce external information to the oscillators, and output pathways that allow the oscillators to temporally regulate cellular processes. Little is known about the output pathways. In this study, we show that the Neurospora crassa osmosensing MAPK pathway, essential for osmotic(More)
In Neurospora crassa, FRQ, WC-1, and WC-2 proteins comprise the core circadian FRQ-based oscillator that is directly responsive to light and drives daily rhythms in spore development and gene expression. However, physiological and biochemical studies have demonstrated the existence of additional oscillators in the cell that function in the absence of FRQ(More)
In most organisms, circadian oscillators regulate the daily rhythmic expression of clock-controlled genes (ccgs). However, little is known about the pathways between the circadian oscillator(s) and the ccgs. In Neurospora crassa, the frq, wc-1, and wc-2 genes encode components of the frq-oscillator. A functional frq-oscillator is required for rhythmic(More)
Eukaryotic genomes are divided into chromosomes that occupy defined regions or territories within the nucleus. These chromosome territories (CTs) are arranged based on the transcriptional activity and chromatin landscape of domains. In general, transcriptionally silent domains reside at the nuclear periphery, whereas active domains locate within the(More)
Research in Neurospora crassa pioneered the isolation of clock-controlled genes (ccgs), and more than 180 ccgs have been identified that function in various aspects of the fungal life cycle. Many clock-controlled genes are associated with damage repair, stress responses, intermediary metabolism, protein synthesis, and development. The expression of most of(More)
HP1(Hsα)-containing heterochromatin is located near centric regions of chromosomes and regulates DNA-mediated processes such as DNA repair and transcription. The higher-order structure of heterochromatin contributes to this regulation, yet the structure of heterochromatin is not well understood. We took a multidisciplinary approach to determine how(More)
Centric regions of eukaryotic genomes are packaged into heterochromatin, which possesses the ability to spread along the chromosome and silence gene expression. The process of spreading has been challenging to study at the molecular level due to repetitious sequences within centric regions. A heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1) tethering system was developed(More)
The Drosophila melanogaster fourth chromosome contains interspersed domains of active and repressive chromatin. We investigated a stock harboring a silenced transgene inserted into Dyrk3 and near Caps-two expressed genes on chromosome four. In an HP1a-deficient background, transgene expression was activated while, paradoxically, expression of Dyrk3 and Caps(More)
Centric regions of eukaryotic genomes are packaged into heterochromatin, which possesses the ability to spread along the chromosome and silence gene expression. The process of spreading has been challenging to study at the molecular level due to repetitious sequences within centric regions. An HP1 tethering system was developed that generates “ectopic(More)