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Orexins are hypothalamic peptides that play an important role in maintaining wakefulness in mammals. Permanent deficit in orexinergic function is a pathophysiological hallmark of rodent, canine and human narcolepsy. Here we report that in rats, dogs and humans, somnolence is induced by pharmacological blockade of both orexin OX(1) and OX(2) receptors. When(More)
Four diarylguanidine derivatives were synthesized. These compounds were found to displace, at submicromolar concentrations, 3H-labeled 1-[1-(2-thienyl)cyclohexyl]piperidine and (+)-[3H]MK-801 from phencyclidine receptors in brain membrane preparations. In electrophysiological experiments the diarylguanidines blocked N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-activated ion(More)
A coagulation disorder was seen after penicillin-G administration (10 million units/day) in uraemic patients and after high-dose penicillin G (40 million units/day) in patients with a normal glomerular filtration-rate (5 patients after cardiac surgery). This disorder was characterised by: prolongation of bleeding-time, appearing immediately after(More)
Sigma receptors are specific, highly localized binding sites in limbic and sensorimotor structures of the brain that interact with many psychotropic drugs. These agents include the psychotomimetic benzomorphan opiates, the psychotomimetic drug phencyclidine and its analogs, as well as numerous typical and atypical antipsychotics such as haloperidol,(More)
BACKGROUND Sorafenib is a kinase inhibitor anticancer drug whose repeated administration causes the onset of a peripheral painful neuropathy. Notably, the efficacy of common analgesic drugs is not adequate and this often leads pre-mature discontinuation of anticancer therapy. The aim of this study was to establish a rat model of sorafenib-induced(More)
Brain sigma-type receptors and phencyclidine receptors are thought to mediate the psychotomimetic effects of benzomorphans and phencyclidine in humans. Recently, we reported the characterization of a selective sigma receptor ligand, 1,3-di-o-tolyl-guanidine (DTG), that shows negligible crossreactivity with phencyclidine receptors. Here we describe the(More)
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