Michael W. Peck

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The ability to form botulinum neurotoxin is restricted to six phylogenetically and physiologically distinct bacteria (Clostridium botulinum Groups I-IV and some strains of C. baratii and C. butyricum). The botulinum neurotoxin is the most potent toxin known, with as little as 30-100 ng potentially fatal, and is responsible for botulism, a severe(More)
Clostridium botulinum is a heterogeneous Gram-positive species that comprises four genetically and physiologically distinct groups of bacteria that share the ability to produce botulinum neurotoxin, the most poisonous toxin known to man, and the causative agent of botulism, a severe disease of humans and animals. We report here the complete genome sequence(More)
Verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a cause of serious foodborne illness. It has a very small infectious dose and so it is vital to eliminate this pathogen from food. As heat treatment is the method of bacterial destruction most frequently used in food processing, accurate prediction of thermal death rates is necessary to achieve desired safety(More)
Proteolytic Clostridium botulinum is the causative agent of botulism, a severe neuroparalytic illness. Given the severity of botulism, surprisingly little is known of the population structure, biology, phylogeny or evolution of C. botulinum. The recent determination of the genome sequence of C. botulinum has allowed comparative genomic indexing using a DNA(More)
AIMS Limited information is available on the germination triggers for spores of non-proteolytic Clostridium botulinum. An automated system was used to study the effect of a large number of potential germinants, of temperature and pH, and aerobic and anaerobic conditions, on germination of spores of non-proteolytic Cl. botulinum types B, E and F. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the diagnostic accuracy of tests for the rapid diagnosis of bacterial food poisoning in clinical and public health practice and to estimate the cost-effectiveness of these assays in a hypothetical population in order to inform policy on the use of these tests. DATA SOURCES Studies evaluating diagnostic accuracy of rapid tests were(More)
A Rhodococcus sp. which is able to grow on acetylene and methylacetylene as well as on more common carbon compounds was isolated from soil. Growth of the organism, respiration of washed cells, excretion experiments and enzyme studies were consistent with the degradation of acetylene via acetaldehyde. Cell-free extracts of organisms grown on acetylene(More)
Techniques for the development of mathematical models in the area of predictive microbiology have greatly improved recently, allowing better and more accurate descriptions of microbial responses to particular environmental conditions, thus enabling predictions of those responses to be made with greater confidence. Recognising the potential value of applying(More)
Foodborne botulism is a severe neuroparalytic disease caused by consumption of botulinum neurotoxin formed by strains of proteolytic Clostridium botulinum and non-proteolytic C. botulinum during their growth in food. The botulinum neurotoxin is the most potent substance known, with as little as 30-100 ng potentially fatal, and consumption of just a few(More)