Michael W. Mansfield

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To investigate the relationship between an insertion/deletion (4G/5G) polymorphism in the promoter region of the plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) gene and the phenotypes of PAI-1 levels, coronary atheroma, and a past history of coronary thrombosis, we studied 453 patients (320 men and 133 women) characterized by coronary angiography. Patients were(More)
AIMS To investigate genetic and environmental influences on anthropometric, metabolic and fibrinolytic traits of the insulin resistance syndrome (IRS) in a population not characterized by a high degree of insulin resistance. METHODS We recruited 537 adults from 89 randomly ascertained healthy families of white north European origin from the general(More)
The angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene is implicated as a risk factor for coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction (MI). An insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism is believed to be in linkage disequilibrium with a functional site elsewhere. Ten polymorphisms have recently been identified in the ACE gene. We screened patients undergoing(More)
To investigate the interaction of metabolic and genetic factors in relation to PAI-1, genotype was determined at a 4G/5G polymorphism in the PAI-1 gene promoter and a Hind III RFLP of the PAI-1 gene in 189 Caucasian NIDDM patients. PAI-1 levels were equivalent in each genotype group and PAI-1 activity correlated with fasting insulin (r=0.45), triglyceride(More)
Angiotensin 1 converting enzyme (ACE) catalyses the step which generates angiotensin II, and also inactivates bradykinin, peptides which play a key role in modulating vascular tone. Plasma ACE levels are under genetic control and up to 50% of the variation is due to an insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism of ACE gene with highest levels found in DD(More)
BACKGROUND First-degree relatives of patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) have an increased risk of coronary artery disease partly attributable to clustering of risk factors in association with insulin resistance. Circulating levels of some hemostatic factors predict coronary events, and there is growing evidence that insulin(More)
P-selectin is a member of the selectin family of cell adhesion molecules which are important in the transient attachment of leukocytes to endothelial cells and platelets. A number of polymorphisms in the gene encoding P-selectin have been identified. Objectives were to investigate the relationship of soluble P (sP)-selectin with P-selectin gene(More)
To investigate the metabolic and genetic associations of levels of soluble adhesion molecules, plasma levels of soluble E-selectin and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 were measured in 60 non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients, 60 first-degree relatives of NIDDM patients and 60 control subjects, none of whom displayed clinical features of(More)
Elevated levels of PAI-1 are found in coronary artery disease (CAD) and non-insulin-dependent diabetes (NIDDM). PAI-1 may be involved in the pathogenesis of CAD through suppression of fibrinolysis, alternatively the high levels may result from vascular damage. There is evidence that PAI-1 levels are related to genotype at a PAI-1 promoter polymorphism.(More)
BACKGROUND A family history of premature coronary artery disease (CAD) is an independent cardiovascular risk factor. Fibrin clots composed of dense fiber networks are found in young CAD patients and may occur in the relatives of such individuals. METHODS AND RESULTS The ex vivo fibrin structure of 100 healthy male relatives of patients with premature CAD(More)