Michael W. Jann

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Cholinesterase inhibitors are the 'first-line' agents in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. This article presents the latest information on their pharmacokinetic properties and pharmacodynamic activity. Tacrine was the first cholinesterase inhibitor approved by regulatory agencies, followed by donepezil, rivastigmine and recently galantamine. With the(More)
The introduction of clozapine has given clinicians a unique agent for treating patients with schizophrenia that is refractory to other neuroleptics. Despite its efficacy, the drug continues to be prescribed with trepidation due to the incidence of agranulocytosis. This article reviews the pharmacokinetic and pharmacological properties of clozapine and the(More)
BACKGROUND Concomitant fluvoxamine use can potentially reduce the dosage of clozapine needed in treatment-refractory patients with schizophrenia. Previous reports have shown that fluvoxamine can increase plasma clozapine concentrations by inhibition of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of fluvoxamine, 50 mg/day,(More)
The Seville orange extract Citrus aurantium contains m-synephrine (phenylephrine) and octopamine; it causes cardiac disturbances in animals and is used by humans for weight loss. Juice from the orange (Seville orange juice [SOJ]) is used to "knock out" intestinal cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 in bioavailability studies. The purpose of this study was to(More)
The interaction between fluoxetine and carbamazepine was investigated in six normal, healthy male volunteers (aged 23 to 40 years). Subjects were given carbamazepine, 400 mg every morning, for 3 weeks. Venous carbamazepine blood samples were obtained at baseline and 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 24 hours after the morning dose. Fluoxetine, 20 mg every morning,(More)
BACKGROUND Previous reports concerning the effects of gender and age on steady-state plasma concentrations of clozapine and its major metabolites, norclozapine and clozapine-N-oxide, have been controversial. Since the frequency distribution of the plasma levels is asymmetrical and skewed to the right, the statistical methods (such as analysis of variance(More)
The first measurements of haloperidol (HL) and its reduced metabolite hydroxyhaloperidol (RH) in plasma versus clinical response in five chronic schizophrenic patients are reported. HL and RH were measured by a radioimmunoassay with a low coefficient of variation. Patients were selected based on poor response or the need for high dosage and were rated with(More)
Plasma concentrations of clozapine and its metabolites desmethylclozapine and clozapine N-oxide were measured in 61 patients with refractory schizophrenia. Before the initiation of clozapine, each patient was given haloperidol (HL) up to 60 mg/day for at least 4 weeks without improvement. Patients were then given a fixed dose of clozapine 400 mg/day.(More)
The pharmacology and pharmacokinetics, adverse effects, drug interactions, efficacy, and dosage and administration of the new selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors paroxetine, sertraline, and fluvoxamine are reviewed. Paroxetine, sertraline, and fluvoxamine all have large volumes of distribution and are highly bound to plasma proteins. In contrast to(More)
Plasma haloperidol levels were monitored in three schizophrenic patients when carbamazepine was either added or discontinued. The percent decrease in plasma haloperidol levels due to concomitant carbamazepine therapy was between 59% and 61%. The effects of carbamazepine on plasma haloperidol levels were noted to occur in 2 to 3 weeks. Although no adverse(More)