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Attempts to classify Alzheimer's disease (AD) subjects versus controls using spectral-band measures of electroencephalographic (EEG) data typically achieve around 80% success. This study assessed the ability of adding non-linear EEG measures and using a neural-net classification procedure to improve this performance level. The non-linear EEG measures were(More)
BACKGROUND Concomitant fluvoxamine use can potentially reduce the dosage of clozapine needed in treatment-refractory patients with schizophrenia. Previous reports have shown that fluvoxamine can increase plasma clozapine concentrations by inhibition of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of fluvoxamine, 50 mg/day,(More)
The drug-drug interaction between fluvoxamine (FLV) and clozapine (CLZ) was evaluated by in-vitro and in-vivo methods. In-vitro studies were conducted using human hepatic microsomal preparations with standard chemical inhibitors of the cytochrome P450 (CYP 450) isozyme system. Furafyline, FLV, troleandomycin (TAO) and erythromycin were used as the chemical(More)
HIV infection and psychotic illnesses frequently coexist. The atypical antipsychotic olanzapine is metabolized primarily by CYP1A2 and glucuronosyl transferases, both of which are induced by the HIV protease inhibitor ritonavir. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of ritonavir on the pharmacokinetics of a single dose of olanzapine.(More)
Twelve male chronic schizophrenic inpatients, neuroleptic-free for at least 4 weeks, were given an oral test dose of 10 mg haloperidol (HAL) and reduced HAL (RHAL) in a random order, with a 2-week interval. Two weeks after the last test dose, the patients were given HAL, 5 mg orally twice daily for 7 days. Blood samples were drawn at baseline and between(More)
Plasma concentrations of haloperidol and its reduced metabolite (reduced haloperidol) were investigated in cigarette smokers (N = 23) and nonsmokers (N = 27). Steady-state plasma concentrations were obtained 12 h post bedtime dose. Haloperidol and reduced haloperidol concentrations were determined by RIA. Reduced haloperidol was separated by selective(More)
The future of depot neuroleptic therapy is discussed in terms of pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic research opportunities. Analytic methods for neuroleptic assays, including chromatographic, radioreceptor, nuclear magnetic resonance, and radioimmunoassay techniques, are briefly reviewed. Elucidation of depot neuroleptic multicompartment kinetics utilizing(More)
Clozapine and its metabolite clozapine-N-oxide (0.5 mg/kg) were administered intraperitoneally to guinea-pigs. Significant amounts of clozapine were detected in plasma, liver, frontal cortex and caudate after clozapine-N-oxide administration. The amount of clozapine detected in plasma two hours post-administration of N-oxide was approximately 40% of the(More)
1. Flash visual evoked responses of 31 patients meeting DSM-III-R criteria for primary degenerative dementia of the Alzheimer type were compared with 31 healthy controls. 2. P1 latency was normal (75 +/- 6 msec Alzheimer's; 75 +/- 6 msec controls). 3. P2 was significantly delayed (162 +/- 32 msec, 147 +/- 20 msec, p < 0.03) among patients. 4. P1-P2(More)