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The A1-adenosine receptor (A1-AR) is a G protein-coupled receptor that mediates many of the physiological effects of adenosine in the brain, heart, kidney, and adipocytes. Currently, ligand interactions with the A1-AR can be quantified on large cell populations only by using radioligand binding. To increase the resolution of these measurements, we have(More)
Fluorescence spectroscopy is becoming a valuable addition to the array of techniques available for scrutinizing ligand-receptor interactions in biological systems. In particular, scanning confocal microscopy and fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) allow the noninvasive imaging and quantification of these interactions in single living cells. To(More)
The A1-adenosine receptor (A1-AR) is a member of the G-protein coupled receptor superfamily, which has significant pathophysiological importance in disorders such as heart arrhythmias, asthma and stroke. Here, we have used fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) to facilitate the study of A1-AR pharmacology at the subcellular level. To this end, we have(More)
Electrochemistry in supercritical CO(2) (scCO(2)) is difficult because the very low dielectric constant of the fluid restricts the solubility of ionic species and the conductivity of dissolved electrolytes. To overcome this problem to allow us to carry out electrodeposition at macroelectrodes from scCO(2) we have investigated the use of co-solvents and(More)
We report the development of a high-sensitivity time-resolved infrared and Raman spectrometer with exceptional experimental flexibility based on a 10-kHz synchronized dual-arm femtosecond and picosecond laser system. Ultrafast high-average-power titanium sapphire lasers and optical parametric amplifiers provide wavelength tuning from the ultraviolet (UV) to(More)
BACKGROUND Histopathologic evaluation of surgical specimens is a well established technique for disease identification, and has remained relatively unchanged since its clinical introduction. Although it is essential for clinical investigation, histopathologic identification of tissues remains a time consuming and subjective technique, with unsatisfactory(More)
A practical methodology is described that allows measurement of spatial resolution and sensitivity of Raman spectroscopy in backscatter and transmission modes under conditions where photon migration dominates, i.e., with turbid or opaque samples. For the first time under such conditions the width and intensity of the point spread function (PSF) has been(More)
Transient species formed by photoexcitation (400 nm) of [Ru(dppz)(tap)2]2+ (1) (dppz = dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine; tap=1,4,5,8-tetraazaphenanthrene) in aqueous solution and when intercalated into a double-stranded synthetic polynucleotide, [poly(dG-dC)]2, have been observed on a picosecond timescale by both visible transient absorption (allowing(More)
We have constructed a broadband ultrafast time-resolved infrared (TRIR) spectrometer and incorporated it into our existing time-resolved spectroscopy apparatus, thus creating a single instrument capable of performing the complementary techniques of femto-/picosecond time-resolved resonance Raman (TR3), fluorescence, and UV/visible/infrared transient(More)
This paper describes preliminary investigations into the spatial resolution of macro attenuated total reflection (ATR) Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) imaging and the distortions that arise when imaging intact, convex domains, using spheres as an extreme example. The competing effects of shallow evanescent wave penetration and blurring due to finite(More)