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Fifty-nine cases of vertebral hemangioma were seen at the Mayo Clinic between 1980 and 1990. Vertebral hemangiomas were discovered incidentally in 35 patients, while pain was the presenting complaint in 13 patients. Five patients presented directly with progressive neurological deficit requiring surgery, and six patients had surgery elsewhere for spinal(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Corticotropin releasing factor is an endogenous neuropeptide released by the hypothalamus that activates the pituitary-adrenocortical system in response to stressful stimuli. It has been demonstrated that corticotropin releasing factor increases the excitability of hippocampal neurons in both in vitro and in vivo studies, which may(More)
Thirty-six patients with Parkinson's disease and medically refractory tremor underwent stereotactic ventrolateralis thalamotomy at the Mayo Clinic between 1984 and 1989. All patients had been or were being treated with carbidopa/levodopa but with unsatisfactory tremor control. Modern stereotactic techniques, including microelectrode recording, were used to(More)
Thirty-three patients with ankylosing spondylitis with or without spinal neurological symptoms requiring surgical intervention were identified in a retrospective review of all cases of spinal disorders treated at the Mayo Clinic during the period from 1984 to 1989. Spinal fractures (traumatic or pseudoarthroses), progressive spinal deformity, rotary(More)
One hundred twenty-four patients with degenerative lumbar stenosis underwent decompression with fusion (32 patients) and without fusion (92 patients) during a 30-month period between 1986 and 1988. Patient-reported satisfaction at a mean follow-up period of 5.8 years (range 4.6-6.8 years) revealed a 79% good or fair outcome and a 21% poor outcome (26(More)
We present seven patients with multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy and superimposed midline soft disc herniation who were treated by decompressive laminectomies of the spondylotic segments followed by transdural excision of the anteriorly located disc extrusion. There was no perioperative neurological morbidity or mortality associated with this(More)
A case of repeated vertebrobasilar ischemic attacks related to head rotation (bow hunter's stroke) is reported. With head rotation of 45 degrees or more to the right, the patient would become lightheaded and feel as if she were going to lose consciousness. Angiography performed when head rotation was to the right revealed mechanical compression of the left(More)
Degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis is a common condition affecting middle-aged and elderly people. Significant controversy exists concerning the appropriate indications for fusion following decompressive surgery. The purpose of this report is to compare the clinical outcomes of patients who were and were not treated with fusion following decompressive(More)
Developmental changes in the frequency of occurrence of some 23 action patterns were studied in pairs of coyotes, wolves, dogs and their hybrids. Over 4,300 entries were recorded from days 24--42 (85.5 h observations in toto). All subjects showed a decrease in contactual behaviors from 24--30 days, and a subsequent increase in play fighting and chasing. In(More)