Michael W. Decker

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In normal subjects, if an acoustic startle stimulus is immediately preceded by a small brief change in background noise intensity, the magnitude of the subsequent startle response is decreased. This prepulse inhibition (PPI) of an acoustic startle response has been shown to be associated with sensorimotor gating. PPI is disrupted in schizophrenic patients(More)
1. Male CD-1 mice were tested for prepulse inhibition (PPI) following administration of PCP and the PCP site ligand, (+)MK-801, as well as the dopamine (DA) agonist (-)-apomorphine and DA releaser d-amphetamine. Similar to reports in rats, PCP (0.36-36.0 mumol/kg), (+)MK-801 (0.03-3.0 mumol/kg), (-)-apomorphine (3.3 and 10.0 mumol/kg) and d-amphetamine (3.0(More)
Vanilloid receptor type 1 (TRPV1) is a ligand-gated nonselective cation channel that is considered to be an important integrator of various pain stimuli such as endogenous lipids, capsaicin, heat, and low pH. In addition to expression in primary afferents, TRPV1 is also expressed in the CNS. To test the hypothesis that the CNS plays a differential role in(More)
Extensive evidence indicates that disruption of cholinergic function is characteristic of aging and Alzheimer's disease (AD), and experimental manipulation of the cholinergic system in laboratory animals suggests age-related cholinergic dysfunction may play an important role in cognitive deterioration associated with aging and AD. Recent research, however,(More)
The effects of nicotinic receptor agonists on the elevated plus-maze test of anxiety were investigated in CD1 mice after intraperitoneal injections. Nicotine and lobeline, but not cytisine, exhibited a significant increase in the time spent by the mice in the open arms, a measure of anxiolytic activity. Nicotine also increased the total number of arm(More)
Acute pharmacological blockade of central histamine H3 receptors (H3Rs) enhances arousal/attention in rodents. However, there is little information available for other behavioral domains or for repeated administration using selective compounds. ABT-239 [4-(2-{2-[(2R)-2-methylpyrrolidinyl]ethyl}-benzofuran-5-yl)benzonitrile] exemplifies such a selective,(More)
Because modulation of cortical cholinergic neurotransmission has been hypothesized to represent a necessary mechanism mediating the beneficial cognitive effects of nicotine and nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subtype-selective agonists, we used choline-sensitive microelectrodes for the real-time measurement of ACh release in vivo, to characterize(More)
In this study, we investigated the effects of 192 IgG saporin injections into the medial septal area (MSA), or nucleus basalis magnocellularis (NBM), and combined injections into the MSA and NBM, on water maze and radial arm maze performance in the male rat. The results of the present study reveal a dissociation between the effects of 192 IgG saporin(More)
Histamine H3 receptor antagonists/inverse agonists have been proposed as potential therapeutic agents for the treatment of a number of neurological disorders ranging from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and Alzheimer's disease to narcolepsy and schizophrenia. With respect to the latter, schizophrenic patients typically exhibit impaired prepulse(More)
Development of analgesic agents for the treatment of severe pain requires the identification of compounds that are devoid of opioid receptor liabilities. A potent (inhibition constant = 37 picomolar) neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) ligand called ABT-594 was developed that has antinociceptive properties equal in efficacy to those of(More)