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In several pedigrees of early onset familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD), point mutations in the beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) gene are genetically linked to the disease. This finding implicates APP in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease in these individuals. To understand the in vivo function of APP and its processing, we have generated an(More)
For Ras oncoproteins to transform mammalian cells, they must be post-translationally modified with a farnesyl group in a reaction catalysed by the enzyme farnesyl-protein transferase (FPTase). Inhibitors of FPTase have therefore been proposed as anti-cancer agents. We show that L-744,832, which mimics the CaaX motif to which the farnesyl group is added, is(More)
The farnesyltransferase inhibitor L-744,832 selectively blocks the transformed phenotype of cultured cells expressing a mutated H-ras gene and induces dramatic regression of mammary and salivary carcinomas in mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV)-v-Ha-ras transgenic mice. To better understand how the farnesyltransferase inhibitors might be used in the treatment(More)
This study evaluated the effect of cyclosporin-A (CyA), a potent immunosuppressive drug, on Bleomycin (Bleo)-induced pulmonary inflammation in hamsters. Pulmonary injury was induced by a single intratracheal (i.t.) instillation of Bleo. Four groups of 10 male Syrian hamsters each received one of four treatments: (1) i.t. Bleo and daily intraperitoneal(More)
Intratracheal instillation (IT) of bleomycin is a widely used experimental model for lung fibrosis. In this study we describe the time-course of bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis in mice using computer-assisted morphometry. C57Bl/6J mice were treated with a single IT dose of bleomycin or control saline. Animals were killed 3, 6, 14 and 21 days post-IT. Lung(More)
Protein prenylation, adding either the 15-carbon isoprenoid farnesyl or the 20-carbon isoprenoid geranylgeranyl to cysteine residue(s) at or near the C-termini of proteins, is a recently identified post-translational modification that localizes some proteins to a membrane compartment. One of the most intensely studied prenylated proteins is Ras, a low(More)
For Ras oncoproteins to transform mammalian cells, they must be posttranslationally modified with a farnesyl group in a reaction catalyzed by the enzyme farnesyl:protein transferase (FPTase). Inhibitors of FPTase have therefore been developed as potential anticancer agents. These compounds reverse many of the malignant phenotypes of Ras-transformed cells in(More)
A role for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors, PPAR gamma and PPAR alpha, as regulators of energy homeostasis and lipid metabolism, has been suggested. Recently, three distinct uncoupling protein isoforms, UCP-1, UCP-2, and UCP-3, have also been identified and implicated as mediators of thermogenesis. Here, we examined whether in vivo PPAR gamma or(More)
The oncoprotein encoded by mutantras genes is initially synthesized as a cytoplasmic precursor which requires posttranslational processing to attain biological activity; farnesylation of the cysteine residue present in the CaaX motif located at the carboxy-terminus of all Ras proteins is the critical modification. Once farnesylated and further modified, the(More)
To understand the in vivo function of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) we generated an APP null mutation in mice by homologous recombination in embryonic stem (ES) cells. We show here that homozygous APP deficient mice were produced at expected frequencies. Neither APP mRNA nor protein could be detected in these animals. Yet the homozygous APP mutant(More)