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A central issue in stem cell biology is to understand the mechanisms that regulate the self-renewal of haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), which are required for haematopoiesis to persist for the lifetime of the animal. We found that adult and fetal mouse and adult human HSCs express the proto-oncogene Bmi-1. The number of HSCs in the fetal liver of Bmi-1-/-(More)
Haematopoiesis is maintained by a hierarchical system where haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) give rise to multipotent progenitors, which in turn differentiate into all types of mature blood cells. HSCs maintain themselves for the lifetime of the organism because of their ability to self-renew. However, multipotent progenitors lack the ability to self-renew,(More)
Most cancers comprise a heterogenous population of cells with marked differences in their proliferative potential as well as the ability to reconstitute the tumor upon transplantation. Cancer stem cells are a minor population of tumor cells that possess the stem cell property of self-renewal. In addition, dysregulation of stem cell self-renewal is a likely(More)
We performed the first genome-wide expression analysis directly comparing the expression profile of highly enriched normal human hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) and leukemic stem cells (LSC) from patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Comparing the expression signature of normal HSC to that of LSC, we identified 3,005 differentially expressed genes.(More)
Thromboxane A2 (TXA2) is a potent, labile vasoconstrictor which stimulates vessel contraction through vascular smooth muscle TXA2 receptors differing from those in platelets. We studied TXA2-stimulated events in cultured adult rat aortic smooth muscle cells. The stable TXA2 mimetic (15S)-hydroxy-11 alpha,9 alpha-(epoxymethano)prosta-5Z, 13E-dienoic acid(More)
Most patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) relapse and die of their disease. Increasing evidence indicates that AML relapse is driven by the inability to eradicate leukemia stem cells (LSC). Thus, it is imperative to identify novel therapies that can ablate LSCs. Using an in silico gene expression-based screen for compounds evoking transcriptional(More)
Mutations in exon 12 of the nucleophosmin gene (NPM1) that cause the encoded protein to abnormally relocate to the cytoplasm are found at diagnosis in about 50% of karyotypically normal acute myeloid leukemias and are associated with a more favorable outcome. We have devised a PCR-based assay for NPM1 exon 12 mutations using differential melting of an oligo(More)
Genetic heterogeneity contributes to clinical outcome and progression of most tumors, but little is known about allelic diversity for epigenetic compartments, and almost no data exist for acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We examined epigenetic heterogeneity as assessed by cytosine methylation within defined genomic loci with four CpGs (epialleles), somatic(More)
The impact of rituximab on the outcome of high-dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplant (HD-ASCT) for transformed non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) has not been previously described. We analyzed 18 consecutive patients with indolent NHL who transformed to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), received rituximab-containing therapy either before or after(More)
Most forms of chemotherapy employ mechanisms involving induction of oxidative stress, a strategy that can be effective due to the elevated oxidative state commonly observed in cancer cells. However, recent studies have shown that relative redox levels in primary tumors can be heterogeneous, suggesting that regimens dependent on differential oxidative state(More)