Michael Varga

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Mobile optical communications has so far largely been limited to short ranges of about ten meters, since the highly directional nature of optical transmissions would require costly mechanical steering mechanisms. Advances in CCD and CMOS imaging technology along with the advent of visible and infrared (IR) light sources such as (light emitting diode) LED(More)
Cameras have become commonplace in phones, laptops, music-players and handheld games. Similarly, light emitting displays are prevalent in the form of electronic billboards, televisions, computer monitors, and hand-held devices. The prevalence of cameras and displays in our society creates a novel opportunity to build camera-based optical wireless(More)
We propose a rate adaptation scheme for visual MIMO camera-based communications, wherein parallel data transmissions from light emitting arrays are received by multiple receive elements of a CCD/CMOS camera image sensor. Unlike RF MIMO, multipath fading is negligible in the visual MIMO channel. Instead, the channel is largely dependent on receiver(More)
The inherent limitations in RF spectrum availability and susceptibility to interference make it difficult to meet the reliability required for automotive safety applications. To address this challenge, this work explores an alternative communication system called Visual MIMO that uses light emitting arrays as transmitters and cameras as receivers. Visual(More)
Oscillating materials that adapt their shapes in response to external stimuli are of interest for emerging applications in medicine and robotics. For example, liquid-crystal networks can be programmed to undergo stimulus-induced deformations in various geometries, including in response to light. Azobenzene molecules are often incorporated into(More)
Prior to the development of effective antiretroviral therapy, persons diagnosed with HIV thought they were going to die. Now, long-term survivors are contemplating death again as they age and develop other chronic diseases. The purpose of our study was to understand the experiences of adults living with HIV for 20 or more years as they faced death for a(More)
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