Michael V. Zaragoza

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The origin of human triploidy is controversial. Early cytogenetic studies found the majority of cases to be paternal in origin; however, recent molecular analyses have challenged these findings, suggesting that digynic triploidy is the most common source of triploidy. To resolve this dispute, we examined 91 cases of human triploid spontaneous abortions to(More)
Mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) may cause maternally-inherited cardiomyopathy and heart failure. In homoplasmy all mtDNA copies contain the mutation. In heteroplasmy there is a mixture of normal and mutant copies of mtDNA. The clinical phenotype of an affected individual depends on the type of genetic defect and the ratios of mutant and normal mtDNA(More)
Chromosome abnormalities occur with astonishing frequency in humans, being present in an estimated 1030% of all fertilized eggs. Of the different classes of chromosome abnormality, aneuploidy (trisomy and monosomy) is by far the most common and, clinically, the most important. For example, over 25% of all miscarriages are monosomic or trisomic, making(More)
The present report summarizes molecular studies on the parent and meiotic stage of origin of the additional chromosome in 432 fetuses or liveborns with an additional chromosome 13, 14, 15, 21, or 22. Our studies suggest that there is little variation in the origin of nondisjunction among the five acrocentric trisomies and that there is no association(More)
OBJECTIVES the aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that chronic mitochondrial energy deficiency causes dilated cardiomyopathy, we characterized the hearts of age-matched young and old adenine nucleotide translocator (ANT)1 mutant and control mice. BACKGROUND ANTs export mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate into the cytosol and have a role in the(More)
Cytogenetic studies on spontaneous abortions traditionally have used one of two methodologies, direct preparations or long-term culture, to determine the chromosome constitution of either the cytotrophoblast or villous stroma, respectively. Few studies have utilized both techniques simultaneously to compare the relative efficiencies of each method and to(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Noncompaction of the left ventricle is a descriptive anatomical term and recently recognized primary cardiomyopathy. Cardiac imaging now allows for prompt detection. The specific etiology remains poorly understood, however, and the major genetic determinants are unknown. This review describes recent data showing the genetic heterogeneity(More)
The management of patients with first-trimester spontaneous abortions is handicapped by two problems: difficulty in recognizing conceptions that abort because of abnormal karyotypes and an incomplete understanding of what causes abortions with normal karyotypes. Our goals in this study were to define features useful in distinguishing normal from abnormal(More)
Pathogenic mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations leading to mitochondrial dysfunction can cause cardiomyopathy and heart failure. Owing to a high mutation rate, mtDNA defects may occur at any nucleotide in its 16 569 bp sequence. Complete mtDNA sequencing may detect pathogenic mutations, which can be difficult to interpret because of normal(More)
Campomelic dysplasia (CD; MIM 114290), an autosomal dominant skeletal malformation syndrome with XY sex reversal, is caused by heterozygous de novo mutations in and around the SOX9 gene on 17q. We report a patient with typical signs of CD, including sex reversal, who was, surprisingly, homozygous for the nonsense mutation Y440X. Since neither parent carried(More)