Michael V Martin

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The purpose of the study was to assess a large representative sample of cancer patients on distress levels, common psychosocial problems, and awareness and use of psychosocial support services. A total of 3095 patients were assessed over a 4-week period with the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18), a common problems checklist, and on awareness and use of(More)
Dental-unit water systems (DUWS) harbor bacterial biofilms, which may serve as a haven for pathogens. The aim of this study was to investigate the microbial load of water from DUWS in general dental practices and the biofouling of DUWS tubing. Water and tube samples were taken from 55 dental surgeries in southwestern England. Contamination was determined by(More)
BACKGROUND following a stroke, morbidity and mortality is high, with aspiration pneumonia being a common complication. OBJECTIVES to determine the levels of colonisation by and isolation of aerobic Gram-negative bacteria (AGNB) in acute stroke patients and determine the effect of selective decontamination of the digestive tract (SDD) on oral flora and(More)
Partial characterization of a cubic Bacillus phage. Can. J. Microbiol. 24: 986--993. Phage Bam35 is an icosahedron of about 63 nm in diameter. It has a double capsid with spikes at the vertices, and a tail which seems to appear upon nucleic acid ejection. The phage contains DNA and, probably, lipids which seem to be located in the inner coat. The phage is(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies by our group have identified a high prevalence of Gram-negative bacilli in the mouths of stroke patients. Eradication of such organisms by selective decontamination of the digestive tract (SDD) has not previously been studied. Enterobacter sakazakii is a rarely found organism that has previously been identified as a cause of(More)
Left-sided Aspergillus fumigatus endocarditis was established in the guinea pig heart by catheterization and inoculation with conidia via a tributary of the femoral vein. This animal model was used to compare the efficacy of the triazole antifungal agents voriconazole (UK-109,496) and itraconazole. In the prophylaxis experiments, voriconazole at a dosage of(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide a critical review of the current evidence that links dental treatment to infective endocarditis (IE) and appraise the risks of antibiotic chemoprophylaxis. DESIGN Retrospective analysis SETTING Mainly hospital based patients or subjects OUTCOME MEASURES The interrelationship between infective endocarditis and dental treatment is(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine if either ATP or endotoxin concentrations in water supplied by dental unit water systems (DUWS) correlated with total viable counts (TVC), and therefore could be used as a rapid, chairside measure of levels of microbial contamination. DESIGN A prospective trial. METHOD Fifty-seven water samples were taken from the 'triple spray',(More)
Pus aspirated from acute suppurative oral infections in 78 patients (age range 13-76 years) yielded a total of 331 bacterial strains consisting of 143 facultative anaerobes (predominantly Streptococcus spp.) and 188 strict anaerobes (predominantly Prevotella spp.). Seventy-five isolates (23%) were resistant to penicillin (MIC > 1 mg/L), 37 (11%) were(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of a detergent-free dentifrice containing olive oil using in vitro microbiological tests and an in vivo plaque re-growth model. METHOD A total of 20 subjects took part in a double blind, single-centre, crossover study in which slurry rinses were the only form of plaque control over a 5-day period. Following a washout and(More)