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OBJECTIVE To determine the sensitivity of T2*-weighted gradient-echo (T2*GRE) and inversion recovery turbo-field-echo (TFE) sequences for cortical multiple sclerosis lesions at 7 T. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Autopsied brain tissue from individuals with multiple sclerosis was scanned with 3-dimensional T2*GRE and 3-dimensional inversion recovery(More)
In this work, we propose a novel method for deformable tensor-to-tensor registration of Diffusion Tensor Images. Our registration method models the distances in between the tensors with Geode-sic-Loxodromes and employs a version of Multi-Dimensional Scaling (MDS) algorithm to unfold the manifold described with this metric. Defining the same shape properties(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the use of four-dimensional (4D) co-occurrence-based texture analysis to distinguish between nonmalignant and malignant tissues in dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MR images. MATERIALS AND METHODS 4D texture analysis was performed on DCE-MRI data sets of breast lesions. A model-free neural network-based classification system assigned(More)
Tumor microvasculature possesses a high degree of heterogeneity in its structure and function. These features have been demonstrated to be important for disease diagnosis, response assessment, and treatment planning. The exploratory efforts of quantifying tumor vascular heterogeneity with DCE-MRI have led to promising results in a number of studies.(More)
The concept of radioguided surgery, which was first developed some 60 years ago, involves the use of a radiation detection probe system for the intraoperative detection of radionuclides. The use of gamma detection probe technology in radioguided surgery has tremendously expanded and has evolved into what is now considered an established discipline within(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging of cortical lesions due to multiple sclerosis (MS) has been hampered by the lesions' small size and low contrast to adjacent, normal-appearing tissue. Knowing cortical lesion T1 and proton density (PD) would be highly beneficial for the process of developing and optimizing dedicated magnetic resonance (MR) sequences through(More)
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and advanced related methods such as diffusion spectrum and kurtosis imaging are limited by low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) at conventional field strengths. DTI at 7 T can provide increased SNR; however, B0 and B1 inhomogeneity and shorter T2⁎ still pose formidable challenges. The purpose of this study was to quantify and(More)
BACKGROUND Although frequently used for tumor surveillance, the sensitivity of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) to detect recurrent colorectal cancer (CRC) is not optimal. Fluorine 18-fluoro-2-deoxy-glucose-positron emission tomography (18F FDG-PET) scans promise to improve recurrent CRC detection. We aimed to review PET scans of patients with clinically(More)
Relaxometric measurement of the effective transverse relaxation rate R2* plays an important role in the quantitative evaluation of brain function, perfusion, and tissue iron content. However, accurate measurement of R2* is prone to macroscopic background field inhomogeneity. In clinical applications and systems, postprocessing correction techniques are more(More)