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We describe a standard set of quantity names and symbols related to the estimation of kinetic parameters from dynamic contrast-enhanced T(1)-weighted magnetic resonance imaging data, using diffusable agents such as gadopentetate dimeglumine (Gd-DTPA). These include a) the volume transfer constant K(trans) (min(-1)); b) the volume of extravascular(More)
The nuclear spin polarization of noble gases can be enhanced strongly by laser optical pumping followed by electron-nuclear polarization transfer. Direct optical pumping of metastable 3He atoms has been shown to produce enormous polarization on the order of 0.4-0.6. This is about 10(5) times larger than the polarization of water protons at thermal(More)
BACKGROUND Neurological soft signs (NSS) such as a disturbed finger-to-thumb opposition are frequently found in schizophrenia. To identify the underlying cerebral changes we investigated sensorimotor cortex and supplementary motor area (SMA) activation during finger-to-thumb opposition using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). METHOD Ten(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the sensitivity of T2*-weighted gradient-echo (T2*GRE) and inversion recovery turbo-field-echo (TFE) sequences for cortical multiple sclerosis lesions at 7 T. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Autopsied brain tissue from individuals with multiple sclerosis was scanned with 3-dimensional T2*GRE and 3-dimensional inversion recovery(More)
It has been suggested that regional corpus callosum atrophy in Alzheimer's disease (AD) may serve as an in vivo index of neuronal loss in the neocortex. In this study total and regional size of the corpus callosum was evaluated with respect to the volumes of the frontal, temporal, and parietal lobes in 38 patients with AD (NINCDS-ADRDA criteria) using(More)
BACKGROUND Although multiple studies demonstrate benefits of high field imaging of cerebrovasculature, a detailed quantitative analysis of complete cerebrovascular system is unavailable. To compare quality of MR angiography (MRA) acquisitions at various field strengths, we used 3-dimensional (3D) geometric cerebrovascular models extracted from 1.5 T/3 T/7 T(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether bevacizumab and ranibizumab remain confined within the vitreous cavity after intravitreal injection and to determine the pharmacokinetic properties of these agents within the vitreous cavity. METHODS Radiolabeling with I-124 was completed using a modified Iodogen method. After testing for radiochemical purity, three(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Reconstruction of first-pass bolus information to derive regional cerebral blood volume (rCBV) maps is commonly performed in many centers; however, various protocols with different doses of paramagnetic contrast injections have been reported. We evaluated the dose dependency of rCBV maps in a brain tumor population by using three(More)
A recent joint meeting was held on January 30, 2014, with the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), National Cancer Institute (NCI), clinical scientists, imaging experts, pharmaceutical and biotech companies, clinical trials cooperative groups, and patient advocate groups to discuss imaging endpoints for clinical trials in glioblastoma. This workshop(More)
OBJECT The goal in this article was to compare 0.1 mmol/kg doses of gadobenate dimeglumine (Gd-BOPTA) and gadopentetate dimeglumine, also known as gadolinium diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA), for enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of intraaxial brain tumors. METHODS Eighty-four patients with either intraaxial glioma (47 patients) or(More)