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We describe a standard set of quantity names and symbols related to the estimation of kinetic parameters from dynamic contrast-enhanced T(1)-weighted magnetic resonance imaging data, using diffusable agents such as gadopentetate dimeglumine (Gd-DTPA). These include a) the volume transfer constant K(trans) (min(-1)); b) the volume of extravascular(More)
A dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI technique for whole breast examinations is presented. The fast kinetics of tissue response during and after constant-rate intravenous infusion of gadolinium diethylenetriaminopentaacetic acid was resolved using a strongly T1-weighted saturation recovery TurboFLASH sequence that makes it possible to acquire signal-time courses(More)
PURPOSE Based on the pivotal role of Ras-Raf-MAP-ERK signaling and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), we conducted a phase II clinical trial of sorafenib targeting RAF and VEGF receptor kinases in PTC. PATIENTS AND METHODS The primary end point was the objective response rate. Secondary end points included(More)
Hepatic guanidinoacetate methyltransferase deficiency induces a deficiency of creatine/phosphocreatine in muscle and brain and an accumulation of guanidinoacetic acid (GAA), the precursor of creatine. We describe a patient with this defect, a 4-year-old girl with a dystonic-dyskinetic syndrome in addition to developmental delay and therapy-resistant(More)
Non-invasive assessment of vascularity is a new diagnostic approach to characterise tumours. Vascular assessment is based on the pathophysiology of tumour angiogenesis and its diagnostic implications for tumour biology, prognosis and therapy response. Two current techniques investigating vascular features in addition to morphology are Doppler(More)
BACKGROUND Neurological soft signs (NSS) such as a disturbed finger-to-thumb opposition are frequently found in schizophrenia. To identify the underlying cerebral changes we investigated sensorimotor cortex and supplementary motor area (SMA) activation during finger-to-thumb opposition using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). METHOD Ten(More)
Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) is the acquisition of sequential images during the passage of a contrast agent within a tissue of interest. The current gadolinium chelate agents enable visualization of lesion vasculature and, due to their small size, can be used to assess vascular permeability. Recent studies demonstrated that the temporal evolution(More)
PURPOSE To compare quantified measurements with color Doppler ultrasonography (US) with those obtained with conventional duplex US in the differential diagnosis of suspect lesions in the breast. MATERIALS AND METHODS A computer-assisted protocol was used to calculate the color pixel density (CPD) and the mean color value (MCV) in US images of breast(More)
The increased clinical understanding of neovascularization and its changes during therapy are the basis for therapy-response monitoring with MR mammography of breast cancer treatment. With dynamic MR imaging, objective quantification of neovascularization can be achieved using pharmacokinetic analysis of contrast media enhancement. This technique likely(More)
The blood-tissue exchange kinetics of gadopentetate were studied in 49 malignant and benign mammary tumors. Signal enhancement was monitored simultaneously in the aorta and in tumor for 10.5 minutes after the beginning of a 1 minute i.v. infusion of the contrast medium (CM). Kinetic analysis was based on a model with two compartments for systemic(More)