The recent Arctic GAkkel Vents Expedition (AGAVE) to the Arctic Ocean's Gakkel Ridge (July/August 2007) aboard the Swedish ice-breaker I/B Oden employed autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) for water-column and ocean bottom surveys. These surveys were unique among AUV operations to date in requiring geo-referenced navigation in proximity to the seafloor… (More)
The Deepwater Horizon blowout is the largest offshore oil spill in history. We present results from a subsurface hydrocarbon survey using an autonomous underwater vehicle and a ship-cabled sampler. Our findings indicate the presence of a continuous plume of oil, more than 35 kilometers in length, at approximately 1100 meters depth that persisted for months… (More)
This paper reports the development and at-sea deployment of a set of algorithms that have enabled our autonomous underwater vehicle, ABE, to conduct near-bottom surveys in the deep sea. Algorithms for long baseline acoustic positioning, terrain-following, and automated nested surveys are reported.
— The Arctic seafloor remains one of the last unex-plored areas on Earth. Exploration of this unique environment using standard remotely operated oceanographic tools has been obstructed by the dense Arctic ice cover. In the summer of 2007 the Arctic Gakkel Vents Expedition (AGAVE) was conducted with the express intention of understanding aspects of the… (More)
— In this paper we propose an approach to SLAM suitable for bathymetric mapping by an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV). AUVs typically do not have access to GPS while underway and the survey areas of interest are unlikely to contain features that can easily be identified and tracked using bathymetric sonar. We demonstrate how the uncertainty in the… (More)
Figure 1: A typical deployment scenario for the AUV consisted of an open lead or pond into which the vehicle was released. The leads often contained large broken pieces of ice. The aerial view on the right shows a common case, in which the icebreaker (lower-right corner) copes with 90% or greater ice cover. The ship's trail of broken ice leads upward and to… (More)
This paper describes a two week deployment of the Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) Sirius on the Tasman Peninsula in SE Tasmania and in the Huon Marine Protected Area (MPA) to the South West of Hobart. The objective of the deployments described in this work were to document biological assemblages associated with rocky reef systems in shelf waters beyond… (More)