Michael Ussher

Learn More
AIM To review the effects of a single session of exercise on cigarette cravings, withdrawal symptoms and smoking behaviour. METHODS A systematic search and critical appraisal of all 14 relevant studies. RESULTS All 12 studies that compared a bout of exercise with a passive condition reported a positive effect on cigarette cravings, withdrawal symptoms(More)
BACKGROUND Taking regular exercise may help people give up smoking by moderating nicotine withdrawal and cravings, and by helping to manage weight gain. OBJECTIVES To determine whether exercise-based interventions alone, or combined with a smoking cessation programme, are more effective than a smoking cessation intervention alone. SEARCH METHODS We(More)
Cigarette smoking is associated acutely with elevated cortisol levels. However, the results of comparisons of cortisol levels in smokers and non-smokers have been inconsistent, and the significance of cortisol responses in smoking cessation is unclear. Here we describe one study comparing the cortisol profiles of smokers and nonsmokers over the day, and a(More)
BACKGROUND Rimonabant is a selective type 1 cannabinoid (CB1) receptor antagonist. It may assist with smoking cessation by restoring the balance of the endocannabinoid system, which can be disrupted by prolonged use of nicotine. Rimonabant also seeks to address many smokers' reluctance to persist with a quit attempt because of concerns about weight gain. (More)
A previous study found that a 10-min bout of moderate intensity exercise reduced cigarette withdrawal symptoms and desire to smoke in sedentary smokers but the effect may have been due to participants focusing attention on physical activity rather than the activity itself. This study examined the effect of 5 min of moderate intensity exercise and 5 min of(More)
OBJECTIVE This study assessed physical activity interests among psychiatric patients. METHODS A cross-sectional survey of 120 psychiatric patients in the United Kingdom assessed preferences for physical activity, perceived barriers to activity, and other psychosocial factors related to exercise levels. RESULTS Compared with the general population,(More)
Rationale: Previous research suggests that a long bout of vigorous intensity exercise may reduce tobacco withdrawal symptoms and desire to smoke during abstinence. Objective: In the present study, we investigated whether a short bout of moderate intensity exercise reduced desire to smoke and withdrawal symptoms in abstaining smokers. Methods: Seventy-eight(More)
AIMS To conduct an updated systematic review and the first meta-analysis of experimental trials investigating the acute effects of short bouts of physical activity (PA) on strength of desire (SoD) and desire to smoke (DtS) using individual participant data (IPD). METHODS A systematic review of literature and IPD meta-analyses included trials assessing the(More)
AIM To examine whether a brief bout of moderate intensity exercise reduces alcohol urges and mood disturbance in those with alcohol dependence. DESIGN A counterbalanced cross-over design (within-subjects). SETTING A hospital-based alcohol rehabilitation clinic. PARTICIPANTS Twenty males and females [mean (SD) age = 40.1 (8.2) years, mean (SD) Severity(More)
This study evaluated four of the major scales used to measure nicotine withdrawal symptoms plus one new scale. Eighty-three smokers were randomly assigned to continue smoking (n=37) or abstain completely for 24 h (n=46), by which time the symptoms should become manifest. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV)(More)