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PURPOSE Diet, a modifiable lifestyle factor, may influence the development of depression. We performed a systematic review of observational studies examining the relationship between dietary patterns and depression in healthy adults. METHODS A literature research was conducted searching various electronic databases up to May 2013. Study selection was(More)
AIM The present study was designed to assess work stress and strain of German general practitioners as well as their health situation by means of standardised and validated instruments. A further objective was to investigate potential means to systematically prevent stress in the target population. METHODS The Institute of Occupational, Social and(More)
BACKGROUND Depression is supposed to be associated with an unhealthy lifestyle including poor diet. The objective of this study was to investigate differences in diet quality between patients with a clinical diagnosis of depression and population-based controls. Additionally, we aimed to examine effects of specific depression characteristics on diet by(More)
AIMS Only few and historic studies reported a bad prognosis of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and critical limb ischaemia (CLI). The contemporary state of treatment and outcomes should be assessed. METHODS AND RESULTS From the largest public health insurance in Germany, all in- and outpatient diagnosis and procedural data were retrospectively obtained(More)
BACKGROUND The generally high job-related stress level among physicians may lead to various health impairments in the long run. Apart from job-related stress, stress during leisure time and certain personality traits might be risk factors for health impairments. However, very little research on the health situation of primary care physicians (PCPs) in(More)
BACKGROUND In order to tackle the deficits in the provision of palliative home care, profound structural changes in the outpatient sector were introduced by law in Germany in 2007. The EPACS study was carried out (Research Accompanying the Establishment of Hospice and Palliative Care Services in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany) to document the quality of(More)
CONTEXT Knowledge about factors influencing the place of death may be very useful for the planning of public health strategies to improve the situation of terminally ill patients. OBJECTIVES The aim of our study was to determine where people died in the German federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate in 2008. We further wanted to detect which factors had an(More)
BACKGROUND Neurological rehabilitation after stroke lowers rates of death, dependency, and institutionalization. Little research has yet addressed the factors affecting the selection of ischemic stroke patients for rehabilitative treatment. METHOD The database for this study consisted of all cases of ischemic stroke (ICD-10 code I63) that occurred in 2010(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Since early treatment of acute stroke is associated with an improved outcome, emergency medical service (EMS) transport of stroke patients is recommended. It remains unclear, however, whether EMS transport leads to faster treatment. The impact of the transport mode on pre- and in-hospital processes of care was therefore investigated.(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE In current clinical practice, old patients with stroke are less frequently admitted to neurorehabilitation units following acute care than younger patients based on an assumption that old age negatively impacts the benefit obtained from high-intensity neurorehabilitation. Our objective was to test this assumption empirically in a(More)