Michael Tsokos

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Peliosis is a pathological entity characterized by the gross appearance of multiple cyst-like, blood-filled cavities within parenchymatous organs. Peliosis has been related to several underlying debilitating illnesses such as tuberculosis, hematological malignancies, the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), and post-transplant immunodeficiency, as(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the expression and production of antimicrobial peptides by healthy and inflamed human synovial membranes. Deposition of the antimicrobial peptides lysozyme, lactoferrin, secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPA(2)), matrilysin (MMP7), human neutrophil alpha-defensins 1-3 (HNP 1-3), human beta-defensin 1 (HBD-1), and(More)
OBJECTIVE Multiple sclerosis (MS) is considered a chronic inflammatory and demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. Evidence that axonal and neuronal pathology contributes to the disease is accumulating, however, the distribution of neuronal injury as well as the underlying mechanisms have not yet been fully clarified. Here, we investigated the(More)
Fatal trauma is one of the leading causes of death in Western industrialized countries. The aim of the present study was to determine the preventability of traumatic deaths, analyze the medical measures related to preventable deaths, detect management failures, and reveal specific injury patterns in order to avoid traumatic deaths in Berlin. In this(More)
Trauma is the leading cause of death among children, adolescents, and young adults. The latest data from the German Trauma Registry reveals a constant decrease in trauma mortality, indicating that 11.6 % of all trauma patients in 2010 died in hospital. Notably, trauma casualties dying before admission to hospital have not been systematically surveyed and(More)
BACKGROUND Falls from height are contributing widely to population morbidity and mortality, especially in urban settings. The presence of blunt cardiac injuries can increase morbidity among these patients, leading even to death. Some clinical studies and case reports have been published on the subject, but a systematic autopsy-based approach to the subject(More)
The aim of this prospective study was to investigate whether serum procalcitonin (PCT) can be used as a post-mortem marker of sepsis and to determine whether this biochemical parameter can be employed in the forensic elucidation of death due to sepsis. At least three blood samples were collected between 0.3 and 139 h post-mortem from sepsis-related(More)
Anomalous hippocampal inhibition is involved in temporal lobe epilepsy, and reduced gephyrin immunoreactivity in the temporal lobe epilepsy hippocampus has been reported recently. However, the mechanisms responsible for curtailing postsynaptic gephyrin scaffolds are poorly understood. Here, we have investigated gephyrin expression in the hippocampus of(More)
The occurrence of primary extranodal marginal-zone B-cell lymphoma [of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) type] has only been described in the supraglottic region, implying that preexistent organized lymphoid tissue is present at that site only. To date, studies have not established clearly whether organized MALT shows a site-related distribution(More)
The article describes a case of gastrointestinal autonomic nerve tumor, which is histogenetically related to the gastrointestinal autonomic plexus (hence the name plexosarcoma). This rare and only recently recognized tumor of the gastrointestinal tract appears to have significant prognostic implications. This tumor cannot be diagnosed unequivocally by light(More)