Learn More
The association of L-type Ca(2+) channels to the secretory granules and its functional significance to secretion was investigated in mouse pancreatic B cells. Nonstationary fluctuation analysis showed that the B cell is equipped with <500 alpha1(C) L-type Ca(2+) channels, corresponding to a Ca(2+) channel density of 0.9 channels per microm(2). Analysis of(More)
Although N- and P-type Ca2+ channels predominant in fast-secreting systems, Lc-type Ca2+ channels (C-class) can play a similar role in certain secretory cells and synapses. For example, in retinal bipolar cells, Ca2+ entry through the Lc channels triggers ultrafast exocytosis, and in pancreatic beta-cells, evoked secretion is highly sensitive to Ca2+. These(More)
The voltage sensitive N-type calcium channel interacts functionally and biochemically with synaptotagmin (p65). N-type channel interaction with p65 is demonstrated in the Xenopus oocyte expression system, where p65 alters the steady state voltage inactivation of the N-channel, and fully restores the syntaxin-modified current amplitude and inactivation(More)
The membrane topology of alpha 2/delta subunit was investigated utilizing electrophysiological functional assay and specific anti-alpha 2 antibodies. (a) cRNA encoding a deleted alpha 2/delta subunit was coinjected with alpha 1C subunit of the L-type calcium channel into Xenopus oocytes. The truncated form, lacking the third putative TM domain (alpha(More)
Previously it demonstrated that in the absence of Ca2+ entry, evoked secretion occurs neither by membrane depolarization, induction of [Ca2+]i rise, nor by both combined (Ashery, U., Weiss, C., Sela, D., Spira, M. E., and Atlas, D. (1993). Receptors Channels 1:217-220.). These studies designate Ca2+ entry as opposed to [Ca2+]i rise, essential for(More)
Expression of the N-type voltage sensitive calcium channel in Xenopus oocytes along with syntaxin and p65 showed that the syntaxin-modified N-type channel properties, were fully reversed by p65. The inward current was restored to a significantly higher amplitude when all three proteins were present, suggesting that the channel interacts with syntaxin, p65(More)
L-type voltage-gated Ca2+ channels (Cav1.2) mediate a major part of insulin secretion from pancreatic beta-cells. Cav1.2, like other voltage-gated Ca2+ channels, is functionally and physically coupled to synaptic proteins. The tight temporal coupling between channel activation and secretion leads to the prediction that rearrangements within the channel can(More)
The coupling of voltage-gated Ca2+ channel (VGCC) to exocytotic proteins suggests a regulatory function for the channel in depolarization-evoked exocytosis. To explore this possibility we have examined catecholamine secretion in PC12 and chromaffin cells. We found that replacing Ca2+ with La3+ or other lanthanide ions supported exocytosis in divalent(More)
Ca(2+)-entry in the heart is tightly controlled by Cav1.2 inactivation, which involves Ca(2+)-dependent inactivation (CDI) and voltage-dependent inactivation (VDI) components. Timothy syndrome, a subtype-form of congenital long-QT syndrome, results from a nearly complete elimination of VDI by the G406R mutation in the α(1)1.2 subunit of Cav1.2. Here, we(More)
The interaction of syntaxin 1A (Sx1A) with voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCC) is required for depolarization-evoked release. However, it is unclear how the signal is transferred from the channel to the exocytotic machinery and whether assembly of Sx1A and the calcium channel is conformationally linked to triggering synchronous release. Here we(More)