Michael Thomas

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We have recently shown that the natural bile pigment bilirubin has antiproliferative effects on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Bilirubin is the end product of heme catabolism mediated by heme oxygenases and has for decades been considered a toxic waste product of our bodies. However, 14 separate studies and a meta-analysis have documented an inverse(More)
Bilirubin is the end product of heme catabolism by heme oxygenases. The inducible form of these enzymes is heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), which is the rate-limiting enzyme that can degrade heme into equimolar quantities of carbon monoxide (CO), biliverdin, and free iron. Biliverdin is very rapidly converted to bilirubin by the enzyme biliverdin reductase, and(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) induction in, or carbon monoxide (CO), or bilirubin administration to, donors and/or recipients frequently lead to long-term survival (>100 days) of DBA/2 islets into B6AF1 recipients. We tested here whether similar treatments show value in a stronger immunogenetic combination, i.e., BALB/c to C57BL/6, and attempted to elucidate the(More)
Treatment of type 4 hiatal hernia using a minimally invasive approach is challenging and requires good familiarity with this technique. From October 1992 to August 2010, 40 patients with a median age of 68 years underwent laparoscopic anterior hemifundoplication surgery for upside-down stomach and were included in our prospective study. The median symptoms(More)
Long-term survival after solid-organ transplantation is hampered by chronic changes in the arteries of the grafts, called chronic allograft vasculopathy (CAV). The lesions consist mainly of proliferating vascular smooth muscle cells that cause narrowing of the vessels; these lesions can develop within a few months. There is no effective treatment to prevent(More)
Chronic rejection remains a major obstacle in transplant medicine. Recent studies suggest a crucial role of the chemokine SDF-1 on neointima formation after injury. Here, we investigate the potential therapeutic effect of inhibiting the SDF-1/CXCR4/CXCR7 axis with an anti-SDF-1 Spiegelmer (NOX-A12) on the development of chronic allograft vasculopathy.(More)
OBJECTIVE Malnutrition is known to independently affect patient outcomes. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of patients at risk for malnutrition in an elective surgery patient cohort and to analyze the effects of malnutrition on morbidity, mortality, and hospital length of hospital (LOS). Furthermore, we aimed to evaluate the economic(More)
OBJECTIVE Post-hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) is the major cause of death following liver resection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of an intraoperative simulation of post-resection liver function. METHODS Intraoperative liver function was measured by indocyanine green (ICG) clearance using the LiMON technology. In 20 patients(More)
PURPOSE To implement a PC-based morphometric analysis platform and to evaluate the feasibility and precision of MRI measurements of glenohumeral translation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Using a vertically open 0.5T MRI scanner, the shoulders of 10 healthy subjects were scanned in apprehension (AP) and in neutral position (NP), respectively. Surface models of(More)
Ischemia and reperfusion contribute to substantial organ damage in transplantation. Clinically feasible measures for the prevention thereof are scarce. We tested whether rinsing rodent hearts with the antioxidant bilirubin ameliorates ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI). Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), left ventricular developed pressure(More)