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The use of layered architectures for modeling autonomous agents has become popular over the past few years. In this paper, different approaches how these architectures can be build are discussed. A special case, namely vertically layered architectures is discussed by the example of the INTERRAP agent model. The paper focusses on the lower levels of the(More)
PURPOSE The dynamic contour tonometer (DCT; Pascal tonometer) is a novel tonometer designed to measure intraocular pressure (IOP) independent of corneal properties. The purpose of this study was a comparison of the DCT with the Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT) with respect to mean of IOP readings, the influence of ocular structural factors on IOP(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to characterize ocular penetration pathways of ESBA105, a topically administered single-chain antibody (scFv) against tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, to the anterior and posterior segment of the eye. METHODS Fresh enucleated whole eyes and isolated corneas of rabbits mounted in perfusion chambers were used for ex vivo(More)
Crop mapping in West Africa is challenging, due to the unavailability of adequate satellite images (as a result of excessive cloud cover), small agricultural fields and a heterogeneous landscape. To address this challenge, we integrated high spatial resolution multi-temporal optical (RapidEye) and dual polarized (VV/VH) SAR (TerraSAR-X) data to map crops(More)
PURPOSE Thinning of the corneal stroma by laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) results in inaccurate low intraocular pressure (IOP) readings by Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT). Dynamic contour tonometry (DCT) is a novel measuring technique, designed to measure IOP largely independent of corneal thickness and curvature. The purpose of this study was to(More)