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Restricted daily feeding schedules result in the partial or complete synchronization of a wide range of rhythmic biological functions in rodents. In some cases, exemplified by drinking behavior and liver tyrosine transaminase activity, this represents primarily a direct, exogenous influence of food intake. In others, synchronization is achieved by(More)
BACKGROUND Artificial bright light presents a promising nonpharmacological treatment for seasonal affective disorder. Past studies, however, have lacked adequate placebo controls or sufficient power to detect group differences. The importance of time of day of treatment--specifically, morning light superiority--has remained controversial. METHODS This(More)
The Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire (SPAQ) was mailed to a sample population balanced for sex and randomly selected from local telephone directories in four areas: Nashua, NH, New York, NY, Montgomery County, MD, and Sarasota, FL. On the basis of responses to this questionnaire, prevalence rates of winter seasonal affective disorder (winter SAD),(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated a possible mechanism of action for the antidepressant response to light-phase advances of the circadian clock-by measuring the onset of melatonin secretion before and after light treatment in the morning or evening. METHODS Plasma melatonin was sampled in 42 patients with seasonal affective disorder, in the evening or overnight(More)
Feeding and drinking behavior of rats maintained in constant light were recorded before, during and after feeding schedules with periods lying within or outside the range of circadian entrainment. Regardless of period, all schedules immediately resulted in the partial or complete synchronization of drinking behavior, but failed to entrain the free-running(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors' goal was to determine whether the pattern and severity of depressive symptoms predict response to light treatment for seasonal affective disorder. METHOD Subjects with winter depression (N = 103) were given bright light treatment. Seventy-one were classified as responders, 15 as nonresponders, and 17 as partial responders. Using(More)
The authors' previous experiments have shown that dawn simulation at low light intensities can phase advance the circadian rhythm of melatonin in humans. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of repeated dawn signals on the phase position of circadian rhythms in healthy participants kept under controlled light conditions. Nine men participated in(More)
OBJECTIVE The goals of this study were to validate a new rating scale for measuring severity of jet lag and to compare the efficacy of contrasting melatonin regimens to alleviate jet lag. METHOD This was a randomized, double-blind trial of placebo and three alternative regimens of melatonin (5.0 mg at bedtime, 0.5 mg at bedtime, and 0.5 mg taken on a(More)
The range of entrainment of the circadian rhythm of locomotor activity was compared in four groups of Syrian hamsters (eight animals per group) initially exposed to daily light-dark (LD) cycles with either abrupt transitions between light and darkness (LD-rectangular) or simulated twilights (LD-twilight). Lighting was provided by arrays of white(More)