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Transcription factor IIIB (TFIIIB) is directly involved in transcription initiation by RNA polymerase III in eukaryotes. Yeast contain a single TFIIIB activity that is comprised of the TATA-binding protein (TBP), TFIIB-related factor 1 (BRF1), and TFIIIB", whereas two distinct TFIIIB activities, TFIIIB-alpha and TFIIIB-beta, have been described in human(More)
The discovery of TATA-binding protein-related factors (TRFs) has suggested alternative mechanisms for gene-specific transcriptional regulation and raised interest in their biological functions. In contrast to recent observations of an embryonic lethal phenotype for TRF2 inactivation in Caenorhabditis elegans and Xenopus laevis, we found that Trf2-deficient(More)
Plakophilin 2, a member of the arm-repeat protein family, is a dual location protein that occurs both in the cytoplasmic plaques of desmosomes as an architectural component and in an extractable form in the nucleoplasm. Here we report the existence of two nuclear particles containing plakophilin 2 and the largest subunit of RNA polymerase (pol) III(More)
The TATA-binding protein (TBP)-related factor TRF1, has been described in Drosophila and a related protein, TRF2, has been found in a variety of higher eukaryotes. We report that human (h)TRF2 is encoded by two mRNAs with common protein coding but distinct 5' nontranslated regions. One mRNA is expressed ubiquitously (hTRF2-mRNA1), whereas the other(More)
The human visual system has the remarkable ability to largely recognize objects invariant of their position, rotation, and scale. A good interpretation of neurobiological findings involves a computational model that simulates signal processing of the visual cortex. In part, this is likely achieved step by step from early to late areas of visual perception.(More)
The state-of-the-art drive system of today's metro or commuter trains with underfloor traction equipment consists of a 3-phase IGBT inverter, feeding two or four induction traction motors in parallel. For torque transmission from the traction motor to the wheelset, a gear unit is required for the drive. As a rather radical innovation, this paper presents a(More)
A substantial number of works have aimed at modeling the receptive field properties of the primary visual cortex (V1). Their evaluation criterion is usually the similarity of the model response properties to the recorded responses from biological organisms. However, as several algorithms were able to demonstrate some degree of similarity to biological data(More)
In this work we present a novel level set-based model for the real-time simulation of soil deformations. A level set defined by a signed distance function and sampled in a regular 3D grid represents and tracks the soil volume under deformation. Moving away from classical 2.5D heightfield representations of soil to a full 3D volume representation allows for(More)
During natural vision, scene perception depends on accurate targeting of attention, anticipation of the physical consequences of motor actions, and the ability to continuously integrate visual inputs with stored representations. For example, when there is an impending eye movement, the visual system anticipates where the target will be next and, for this,(More)