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In vitro brain slices are the preparation of choice for the detailed examination of local circuit properties in mammalian brain. However it is the investigator's responsibility to verify that the circuits under investigation are indeed confined within the boundaries of the functional region of the slice used. The medium in which the slice is maintained is(More)
This article may be used for research, teaching and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, redistribution , reselling , loan or sub-licensing, systematic supply or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden. The publisher does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents(More)
Studies over the past decade have demonstrated that lactate is produced aerobically during brain activation and it has been suggested to be an obligatory aerobic energy substrate postischemia. It has been also hypothesized, based on in vitro studies, that lactate, produced by glia in large amounts during activation and/or ischemia/hypoxia, is transported(More)
A dual linear-flow chamber for comparative studies using brain slices is described. Electrophysiological and ultrastructural analysis of rat hippocampal slices incubated in the chamber showed that its two compartments allows performance of reliable paired comparison studies in a highly efficient manner.
OBJECTIVE Leukotriene B4 (LTB4), a potent leukocyte chemoattractant, is known to promote several inflammatory diseases, including atherosclerosis. We sought to determine mechanisms through which LTB4 modulates atherosclerosis in cell lines expressing LTB4 receptors, BLT-1, and in mice deficient in BLT-1 as well as macrophage cell lines derived from BLT-1+/+(More)
Nanoceria is used as a catalyst in diesel fuel, as an abrasive in printed circuit manufacture, and is being pursued as an antioxidant therapeutic. Our objective is to extend previous findings showing that there were no reductions of cerium in organs of the mononuclear phagocyte (reticuloendothelial) system up to 30 days after a single nanoscale ceria(More)
Ischemic preconditioning (PC) of heart and brain is a well-documented phenomenon. However, the mechanism underlying the increased resistance to severe ischemia by a preceding mild ischemic exposure remains unclear. Over a decade ago, we demonstrated the existence of hypoxic PC in the hippocampal slice preparation. Here we report the ability of a short(More)
Aggravation of neuronal damage by preischemic hyperglycemia, i.e. the glucose paradox of cerebral ischemia, is a well-established phenomenon that has prompted clinicians around the world to closely monitor and control blood glucose levels in surgical cases at high risk for ischemic episodes. The widely prevalent idea that lactic acidosis is responsible for(More)
The viability and stability of the in vitro rat hippocampal slice preparation were assessed using electrophysiological and electron microscopical means. Slices exhibited lifetimes of 6-19 h. Correlation between the duration of electrical activity and changes in ultrastructure of these slices was found. Possible reasons for the wide variability in lifetime(More)
The rat hippocampal slice preparation was used in the present study to demonstrate the ability of adult brain tissue to adapt to anoxic and hypoxic conditions. Adaptation was induced by pre-exposure of hippocampal slices to a short (5 min) anoxic episode. The evoked electrical activity of pre-exposed slices recovered from a subsequent, longer anoxic insult,(More)