Michael T Reeder

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The stress fracture is a common injury seen by healthcare professionals caring for athletes. They have been described in numerous areas of the skeletal system and in multiple sports. However, they are most commonly seen in the lower extremities, with running the reported cause in most cases. Stress fractures result from repetitive, cyclic loading of bone(More)
High-risk stress fractures require precise assessment and treatment because of their propensity for delayed union, nonunion, or complete fracture and their resulting disabling complications. Proper diagnosis necessitates a thorough clinical evaluation, centering on the patient's diet and history, particularly the training regimen. For a definitive(More)
Submitted January 10, 2015; revision received February 15, 2015; accepted February 24, 2015. “Little league shoulder” is caused by repeated overhead throwing in athletes between the ages of 11 and 14 years during peak proximal physis growth.1,2 The rotational torque during maximum external rotation when throwing overhead seems to be the primary cause of(More)
Tarsal navicular fractures require an accurate and timely diagnosis to prevent costly and disabling complications. Diagnosis requires a thorough clinical evaluation that focuses on the patient's history, particularly his or her training regimen, and diet-as was the case with these 17-year-old girls. Plain radiography, ultrasound, bone scintigraphy, MRI, and(More)
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