Michael T. Lipari

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The homotrimeric human serine protease HtrA1 is homologous to bacterial HtrA proteases regarding the trypsin-like catalytic and PDZ domains but differs by the presence of an N-terminal domain with IGFBP and Kazal homology. The crystal structures and SAXS analysis presented herein reveal the rare tandem of IGFBP- and Kazal-like modules, a protease active(More)
High levels of expression of either the epidermal growth factor receptor or the receptor-like HER2/neu gene product p185HER2 have been observed in a variety of human malignancies. Because of the association of this high level expression with certain human tumors, we have generated a panel of monoclonal antibodies specific for either the epidermal growth(More)
The purification, complete amino acid sequence, and biological activity are described for several homologous snake venom proteins that are platelet glycoprotein (GP) IIb-IIIa antagonists and potent inhibitors of platelet aggregation. The primary structures of kistrin (from Agkistrodon rhodostoma), bitan (from Bitis arietans), three isoforms of trigramin(More)
The HER2 protooncogene encodes a growth factor receptor-like transmembrane protein tyrosine kinase (p185HER2) whose ligand remains to be fully characterized. The overexpression of p185HER2 is implicated in aggressive forms of breast and ovarian cancers. The role of p185HER2 in aggressive malignancy, as well as its cell surface localization, makes it an(More)
The potent and selective GP IIb-IIIa antagonist lamifiban (1, Ro 44-9883) is currently in clinical development as an injectable antithrombotic agent for treating and preventing acute coronary syndromes. However, for secondary prevention of thrombotic occlusions, orally active inhibitors are needed. By means of a prodrug strategy, the modest oral absorption(More)
The natriuretic peptide receptor type A (NPR-A) is a receptor-guanylyl cyclase whose cytoplasmic enzymatic activity is stimulated by atrial natriuretic peptide binding to the extracellular domain. NPR-A expressed in COS cells is heterogeneously glycosylated, and the more highly glycosylated protein is also phosphorylated. Upon hormone binding,(More)
An expression plasmid encoding the human 75-kDa tumor necrosis factor (TNF) type 2 receptor (TNF-R2) was constructed and used to generate a stable human cell line (293/TNF-R2) overexpressing TNF-R2. Ligand binding analysis revealed high affinity binding (Kd = 0.2 nM) with approximately 94,000 +/- 7,500 sites/cell for 125I-TNF-alpha and approximately 5-fold(More)
Hepsin, a type II transmembrane serine protease, is highly upregulated in prostate cancer and promotes tumor progression and metastasis. We generated a soluble form of hepsin comprising the entire extracellular domain to show that it efficiently converts single-chain hepatocyte growth factor (pro-HGF) into biologically active two-chain HGF. Hepsin activity(More)
Recent structural studies have outlined the mechanism of protease inhibition by active site-directed antibodies. However, the molecular basis of allosteric inhibition by antibodies has been elusive. Here we report the 2.35 A resolution structure of the trypsin-like serine protease hepatocyte growth factor activator (HGFA) in complex with the allosteric(More)
Tissue factor is the cell membrane-anchored cofactor for factor VIIa and triggers the coagulation reactions. The initial step is the conversion of factor VII to factor VIIa which, in vitro, is efficiently catalyzed by low concentrations of factor Xa. To identify the tissue factor region that interacts with the activator factor Xa during this process, we(More)