Michael T Horn

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Within our lakes, streams, estuaries, and oceans, there is an astounding chemodiversity of secondary metabolites produced by microbes, algae, and invertebrates. Nearly 30 years of study have yielded hundreds of examples in which secondary metabolites alter the foraging behavior or fitness of aquatic consumers, or both. However, our understanding of the(More)
Peroxisomes play a central role in lipid metabolism, and their function depends on molecular oxygen. Low oxygen tension or von Hippel-Lindau (Vhl) tumor suppressor loss is known to stabilize hypoxia-inducible factors alpha (Hif-1α and Hif-2α) to mediate adaptive responses, but it remains unknown if peroxisome homeostasis and metabolism are interconnected(More)
Studying the function and malfunction of genes and proteins associated with inherited forms of peripheral neuropathies has provided multiple clues to our understanding of myelinated nerves in health and disease. Here, we have generated a mouse model for the peripheral neuropathy Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 4H by constitutively disrupting the mouse(More)
Three capsulated and two non-capsulated isolates of Lactococcus garvieae were investigated in terms of their wall proteins, virulence and interactions with rainbow trout immunoglobulin (Ig). All isolates were similar in integral membrane protein profile, and all were able to bind non-immune rainbow trout Ig, although different proteins appeared to be(More)
BACKGROUND Interactions between prostate cancer cells and their surrounding stroma play an important role in the growth and maintenance of prostate tumors. To elucidate this further, we investigated how growth of androgen-dependent (AD) LNCaP and androgen-independent (AI) LNCaP-19 prostate tumors was affected by different microenvironments and androgen(More)
The ganglioside-induced differentiation-associated protein 1 (GDAP1) is a mitochondrial fission factor and mutations in GDAP1 cause Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. We found that Gdap1 knockout mice (Gdap1(-/-)), mimicking genetic alterations of patients suffering from severe forms of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, develop an age-related, hypomyelinating(More)
Missense mutations affecting the LITAF gene (also known as SIMPLE) lead to the dominantly inherited peripheral neuropathy Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1C (CMT1C). In this study, we sought to determine the requirement of Litaf function in peripheral nerves, the only known affected tissue in CMT1C. We reasoned that this knowledge is a prerequisite for a(More)
The present study reports that specific antibody increased the bactericidal activity of rainbow trout head-kidney macrophages against virulent capsulated Lactococcus garvieae in the absence of complement. The observed increased bactericidal activity appeared to result from increased phagocytosis of capsulated L. garvieae in the presence of specific antibody(More)
PURPOSE Laboratory studies with adults and children have found lower pain reports when pain proceeds from high to low rather than from low to high. However, pediatric dentists often ease children into difficult procedures (from easiest to most difficult). This study investigated the influence of order during a clinical procedure that involved taking(More)