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Recent international guidelines published in 1997 and 1999 have proposed diagnostic and treatment criteria for disease caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). In this paper, the epidemiological data, diagnostic criteria, treatment regimens and outcomes from 117 HIV-negative patients who had a positive culture for NTM between 1995-1999 are reviewed. The(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that oxidative stress is an important factor in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We have shown that an oxidant/antioxidant imbalance occurs in the distal air spaces of smokers and in patients with COPD which is reflected systemically in the plasma. A study was undertaken to determine whether(More)
An oxidant/antioxidant imbalance has been proposed in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). We tested this hypothesis by measuring various parameters of the oxidant/antioxidant balance in the plasma of 12 patients with IPF (7 nonsmokers and 5 smokers); in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of 24 patients with IPF (17 nonsmokers and 7(More)
Lung disease is the direct cause of death in over 90% of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. Excess neutrophil elastase is an important determinant of pulmonary disease in CF. alpha1-antitrypsin (AAT), also known as alpha1-proteinase inhibitor (alpha1PI) is a major modulator of elastase activity. We investigated the hypothesis that an enhancer polymorphism in(More)
Alterations in protein expression associated with adriamycin resistance in a panel of variants derived from the poorly differentiated squamous cell lung carcinoma DLKP were investigated using 2-D DIGE. Of the 80 proteins identified as being differentially expressed, 32 correlated to adriamycin resistance. Twenty-four proteins showed positive correlations(More)
The human gene for interleukin 2 (IL2) was assigned to chromosome 4 using human-mouse somatic cell hybrids and Southern filter hybridization of cell hybrid DNA. To identify IL2, a recombinant DNA probe ( pIL2 - 50A ) was used which contained a human interleukin 2 cDNA insert which hybridized to a 3.5-kb fragment in human DNA when cleaved with the(More)
The objectives of this study were to assess whether the use of two reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) cDNA assays and multiple blood sampling increased circulating tumor cell detection in colorectal cancer patients. Systemic blood was sampled three times at 1-min intervals in 100 colorectal cancer patients (50 primary tumors only and 50 liver metastases),(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate endovascular stent-graft placement for management of aortoiliac aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS Balloon-expandable stents covered with polytetrafluoroethylene were placed in 11 aortoiliac lesions in nine male non-surgical candidates (mean age, 63.5 years). There were six abdominal aortic aneurysms, four iliac artery aneurysms, and one(More)
Hereditary deficiency of the protein α-1 antitrypsin (AAT) causes a chronic lung disease in humans that is characterized by excessive mobilization of neutrophils into the lung. However, the reason for the increased neutrophil burden has not been fully elucidated. In this study we have demonstrated using human neutrophils that serum AAT coordinates both(More)