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Chronic beryllium disease (CBD) is a fibrotic lung disorder caused by beryllium (Be) exposure and is characterized by granulomatous inflammation and the accumulation of Be-responsive CD4(+) T cells in the lung. Genetic susceptibility to CBD has been associated with certain alleles of the MHCII molecule HLA-DP, especially HLA-DPB1*0201 and other alleles that(More)
Unconventional Ags, such as metals, stimulate T cells in a very specific manner. To delineate the binding landscape for metal-specific T cell recognition, alanine screens were performed on a set of Be-specific TCRs derived from the lung of a chronic beryllium disease patient. These TCRs are HLA-DP2-restricted and express nearly identical TCR Vβ5.1 chains(More)
RATIONALE Within the lungs of patients with severe emphysema, inflammation continues despite smoking cessation. Foci of T lymphocytes in the small airways of patients with emphysema have been associated with disease severity. Whether these T cells play an important role in this continued inflammatory response is unknown. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study(More)
The role of T cells in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), especially in the perpetuation of advanced disease, remains unclear. Previous studies have focused on the TCR repertoire of synovial T cells in an attempt to determine whether the pattern of expression is characteristic of Ag-stimulated populations. However, the results of past studies(More)
We have used a standard Fröhlich-Kirkwood dipole moment fluctuation model to calculate the static dielectric permittivity, epsilon(0), for four different proteins, each of which was simulated under at least two different conditions of pH, temperature, solvation, or ligand binding. For the range of proteins and conditions studied, we calculate values for(More)
Chronic beryllium disease (CBD) is caused by beryllium exposure and is characterized by granulomatous inflammation with accumulation of CD4+ T cells in the lung. We analyzed TCR beta-chain and alpha-chain genes expressed by these CD4+ T cells. In the lungs of individual patients, as well as among four of five CBD patients studied, different oligoclonal(More)
OBJECTIVE Although studies have suggested that human cartilage (HC) gp-39 may be an antigen recognized by autoreactive CD4(+) T cells in rheumatoid arthritis, we previously failed to identify specific CD4(+) T cells in patients' synovial fluid or blood using a class II major histocompatibility complex-peptide tetramer composed of the immunodominant HC(More)
The frequency of hprt mutants in peripheral blood T-lymphocytes of two putative Lesch-Nyhan individuals and their parents was determined by a cell cloning assay to quantify the frequency of thioguanine-resistant mutants. The results confirmed the Lesch-Nyhan diagnosis and demonstrated that the mother has an elevated mutant frequency consistent with being(More)
Considerable evidence indicates that CD4(+) T cells are important in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but the antigens recognized by these T cells in the joints of patients remain unclear. Previous studies have suggested that type II collagen (CII) and human cartilage gp39 (HCgp39) are among the most likely synovial antigens to be involved in(More)
The in vivo frequency of mutants resulting from mutation at the hprt locus in human T-lymphocytes can be determined by a cloning assay. This assay quantifies the frequency of 6-thioguanine-resistant (TGr) T-cells through growth of colonies in 96-well microtiter dishes. The reproducibility of the TGr mutant frequency values has now been assessed in a(More)