Michael T Falta

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Chronic beryllium disease (CBD) is a fibrotic lung disorder caused by beryllium (Be) exposure and is characterized by granulomatous inflammation and the accumulation of Be-responsive CD4(+) T cells in the lung. Genetic susceptibility to CBD has been associated with certain alleles of the MHCII molecule HLA-DP, especially HLA-DPB1*0201 and other alleles that(More)
Chronic beryllium disease (CBD) is caused by beryllium exposure and is characterized by granulomatous inflammation with accumulation of CD4+ T cells in the lung. We analyzed TCR beta-chain and alpha-chain genes expressed by these CD4+ T cells. In the lungs of individual patients, as well as among four of five CBD patients studied, different oligoclonal(More)
RATIONALE Within the lungs of patients with severe emphysema, inflammation continues despite smoking cessation. Foci of T lymphocytes in the small airways of patients with emphysema have been associated with disease severity. Whether these T cells play an important role in this continued inflammatory response is unknown. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study(More)
Chronic beryllium disease (CBD) is a granulomatous disorder characterized by an influx of beryllium (Be)-specific CD4⁺ T cells into the lung. The vast majority of these T cells recognize Be in an HLA-DP–restricted manner, and peptide is required for T cell recognition. However, the peptides that stimulate Be-specific T cells are unknown. Using positional(More)
We have used a standard Fröhlich-Kirkwood dipole moment fluctuation model to calculate the static dielectric permittivity, epsilon(0), for four different proteins, each of which was simulated under at least two different conditions of pH, temperature, solvation, or ligand binding. For the range of proteins and conditions studied, we calculate values for(More)
T-cell-mediated hypersensitivity to metal cations is common in humans. How the T cell antigen receptor (TCR) recognizes these cations bound to a major histocompatibility complex (MHC) protein and self-peptide is unknown. Individuals carrying the MHCII allele, HLA-DP2, are at risk for chronic beryllium disease (CBD), a debilitating inflammatory lung(More)
Considerable evidence indicates that CD4(+) T cells are important in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but the antigens recognized by these T cells in the joints of patients remain unclear. Previous studies have suggested that type II collagen (CII) and human cartilage gp39 (HCgp39) are among the most likely synovial antigens to be involved in(More)
The role of T cells in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), especially in the perpetuation of advanced disease, remains unclear. Previous studies have focused on the TCR repertoire of synovial T cells in an attempt to determine whether the pattern of expression is characteristic of Ag-stimulated populations. However, the results of past studies(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) refers to 2 chronic inflammatory diseases of the intestine, ie, ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. IBD results from environmental factors (eg, bacterial antigens) triggering a dysregulated immune response in genetically predisposed hosts. Although the basis of IBD is incompletely understood, a number(More)
Somatic cell mutant frequencies at the hprt locus of the X-chromosome were measured with the T-lymphocyte cloning technique in healthy human populations. A statistical analysis was performed of assays from 232 individuals (77 males and 155 females) ranging in age from 19 to 80 years. Data from 4 donor groups were compiled: (a) 132 participants in a study of(More)