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Unconventional Ags, such as metals, stimulate T cells in a very specific manner. To delineate the binding landscape for metal-specific T cell recognition, alanine screens were performed on a set of Be-specific TCRs derived from the lung of a chronic beryllium disease patient. These TCRs are HLA-DP2-restricted and express nearly identical TCR Vβ5.1 chains(More)
Chronic beryllium disease (CBD) is a fibrotic lung disorder caused by beryllium (Be) exposure and is characterized by granulomatous inflammation and the accumulation of Be-responsive CD4(+) T cells in the lung. Genetic susceptibility to CBD has been associated with certain alleles of the MHCII molecule HLA-DP, especially HLA-DPB1*0201 and other alleles that(More)
RATIONALE Within the lungs of patients with severe emphysema, inflammation continues despite smoking cessation. Foci of T lymphocytes in the small airways of patients with emphysema have been associated with disease severity. Whether these T cells play an important role in this continued inflammatory response is unknown. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study(More)
Considerable evidence indicates that CD4(+) T cells are important in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but the antigens recognized by these T cells in the joints of patients remain unclear. Previous studies have suggested that type II collagen (CII) and human cartilage gp39 (HCgp39) are among the most likely synovial antigens to be involved in(More)
Susceptibility to chronic beryllium disease (CBD) is linked to certain HLA-DP molecules, including HLA-DP2. To elucidate the molecular basis of this association, we exposed mice transgenic (Tg) for HLA-DP2 to beryllium oxide (BeO) via oropharyngeal aspiration. As opposed to WT mice, BeO-exposed HLA-DP2 Tg mice developed mononuclear infiltrates in a(More)
Chronic beryllium disease (CBD) is a granulomatous disorder characterized by an influx of beryllium (Be)-specific CD4⁺ T cells into the lung. The vast majority of these T cells recognize Be in an HLA-DP–restricted manner, and peptide is required for T cell recognition. However, the peptides that stimulate Be-specific T cells are unknown. Using positional(More)
Chronic beryllium disease (CBD) is caused by beryllium exposure and is characterized by granulomatous inflammation with accumulation of CD4+ T cells in the lung. We analyzed TCR beta-chain and alpha-chain genes expressed by these CD4+ T cells. In the lungs of individual patients, as well as among four of five CBD patients studied, different oligoclonal(More)
The frequency of hprt mutants in peripheral blood T-lymphocytes of two putative Lesch-Nyhan individuals and their parents was determined by a cell cloning assay to quantify the frequency of thioguanine-resistant mutants. The results confirmed the Lesch-Nyhan diagnosis and demonstrated that the mother has an elevated mutant frequency consistent with being(More)
Somatic cell mutant frequencies at the hprt locus of the X-chromosome were measured with the T-lymphocyte cloning technique in healthy human populations. A statistical analysis was performed of assays from 232 individuals (77 males and 155 females) ranging in age from 19 to 80 years. Data from 4 donor groups were compiled: (a) 132 participants in a study of(More)
The hprt (hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyltransferase) T cell cloning assay was used to detect in vivo mutations in T lymphocytes of individuals receiving radioimmunoglobulin therapy (RIT). A total of 28 patients receiving 131I and/or 90Y-labeled antiferritin antibodies was studied. Mutant frequencies for patients were clearly much higher than for(More)