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BACKGROUND Rare mutations in the leptin (LEP) gene cause severe obesity. Common polymorphisms of LEP have been associated with obesity, but their association with cardiovascular disease has been little studied. We have examined the impact of both common and rare polymorphisms of the LEP gene on blood pressure (BP), subclinical atherosclerosis as measured by(More)
The family investment hypothesis predicts that credit-constrained immigrant families adopt a household strategy for financing post-migration human capital investment in which the " primary worker " engages in investment activities and the other partner undertakes labour market activities that finance current consumption. Empirical tests of this hypothesis(More)
Sacral insufficiency fracture is a debilitating injury for which no active treatment is currently available. We present three consecutive cases of elderly patients with sacral insufficiency fractures whose symptoms were relieved immediately by treatment of the fractures by polymethylmethacrylate injections, a so-called sacroplasty.
The endothelins are among the most potent vasoconstrictors known. Pharmacological inhibition of endothelin receptors lowers blood pressure (BP). It is unknown whether naturally occurring genetic variation in the endothelin receptors influences BP. We have evaluated the type A endothelin receptor (EDNRA) as a candidate gene for hypertension in a large family(More)
Fabry's disease is an X-linked recessive genetic deficiency of the enzyme alpha-galactosidase A, which leads to the pathologic deposition of neutral glycosphingolipids in lysosomes of the vascular endothelium of the heart, brain and kidney. The disease is progressive in hemizygous male patients, with increasing involvement of the major organs leading to(More)
AEA conference in Denver, SOLE conference attendees and Baylor University for helpful comments. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research. NBER working papers are circulated for discussion and comment purposes. They have not been peer-reviewed or been subject to(More)
The slope of an individual contrast trajectory on M-mode echocardiography represents the projection of the intracardiac velocity vector of a microbubble in the direction of the sound beam. Doppler echocardiography measures this projection of red blood cell velocity. To ascertain whether microbubbles have similar intracardiac velocities to those of red blood(More)
I present aspects of an analytical model of collaboration processes, focusing on types of dialogical thinking and their relations with the interactive circulation and regulation of affect. Types of dialogical thinking are extensional, accumulative, foundational thinking, together with interactive meaning-making. Their occurrences in argumentation dialogue(More)