Michael Swift

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BACKGROUND Ataxia-telangiectasia is an autosomal recessive syndrome in which cancers develop in affected homozygotes at a rate approximately 100 times higher than in unaffected age-matched subjects. Retrospective studies have shown that persons heterozygous for the ataxia-telangiectasia gene, who make up about 1 percent of the general population, also have(More)
Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) is an autosomal recessive neurological syndrome of considerable interest because homozygotes are highly predisposed to cancer. Vigorous casefinding in the United States in 1970-72 and 1980-84 identified 231 white, 29 black, and three Oriental A-T cases that provide information about the incidence and gene frequency of A-T. White(More)
Patients who are homozygous for ataxia-telangiectasia have an exceptionally high incidence of cancer. In a group of families expected to have a high proportion of heterozygotes for ataxia-telangiectasia, we tested the hypothesis that such heterozygotes, estimated to make up 0.68 to 7.7 percent of the U.S. white population, also have an excess cancer risk.(More)
BACKGROUND X-linked cardiomyopathy (XLCM) is a rapidly progressive primary myocardial disorder presenting in teenage males as congestive heart failure. Manifesting female carriers have later onset (fifth decade) and slower progression. The purpose of this study was to localize the XLCM gene locus in two families using molecular genetic techniques. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations at the ataxia-telangiectasia locus cause a distinctive autosomal recessive syndrome in homozygotes and predispose heterozygotes to cancer and ischemic heart disease. OBJECTIVE To examine mortality rates among persons carrying a mutated ataxia-telangiectasia gene. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING The United States and(More)
Wolfram syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder defined by the occurrence of diabetes mellitus and progressive bilateral optic atrophy. Wolfram syndrome homozygotes develop widespread nervous system abnormalities; in particular, they exhibit severe behavioural difficulties that often lead to suicide attempts or psychiatric hospitalizations. The Wolfram(More)
Diabetes mellitus and bilateral optic atrophy are the defining characteristics of the autosomal recessive Wolfram syndrome. Diabetes insipidus, neurogenic bladder, deafness, and other neurological manifestations are frequent. A review was made of the medical records of 68 Wolfram syndrome patients, aged between 8 and 43 years, identified by casefinding(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a multisystem autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR), a protein that regulates cyclic-AMP-mediated chloride conductance at the apical membrane of secretory epithelia. Mutations in the CFTR gene are common in many populations. In North America, 4-5% of the general(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that heterozygous carriers of the gene for the Wolfram syndrome, who constitute about 1% of the population, are predisposed to significant psychiatric illness. The Wolfram syndrome is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative syndrome in which 25% of the individuals who are homozygous for the(More)
Ataxia-telangiectasia is characterized by radiosensitivity, genome instability and predisposition to cancer. Heterozygous carriers of ATM, the gene defective in ataxia-telangiectasia, have a higher than normal risk of developing breast and other cancers. We demonstrate here that Atm 'knock-in' (Atm-Delta SRI) heterozygous mice harboring an in-frame deletion(More)