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This study investigates the nature of deformation and differences in the mechanisms of fracture and properties of dentine where there has been a loss of moisture, as may occur with removal of the pulp in the endodontic treatment of teeth. Controlled fracture toughness testing was conducted on bovine teeth to determine the influence of hydration on the work(More)
Zro, " ; for abstract see Am. Ceram. The application of indentation techniques to the evaluation of fracture toughness is examined critically, in two parts. In this flrst part, attention is focused on an approach which involves direct measurement of Vickers-produced radial cracks as a function of indentation load. A theoretical basis for the method is first(More)
The aim of this study was to measure the change in hardness and modulus of elasticity of enamel and dentine in primary teeth using the ultra-micro-indentation system (UMIS) after exposure to potentially erosive beverages and to relate the changes to the chemical composition of the test beverages. Primary molar teeth were sectioned and polished. Indentations(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study is the second part of an investigation of strength, fracture toughness and microstructure of nine all-ceramic materials. In the present study, DC Zirkon, an experimental yttria partially stabilized zirconia, In-Ceram Zirconia slip and In-Ceram Zirconia dry-pressed were compared. METHODS Strength was appraised on ten bar-shaped(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this paper is to undertake a literature search collecting all dentin bond strength data obtained for six adhesives with four tests (shear, microshear, tensile and microtensile) and to critically analyze the results with respect to average bond strength, coefficient of variation, mode of failure and product ranking. METHOD A PubMed(More)
Using the single-edge notched bending (SENB) test, two fracture toughness parameters of longitudinal and transverse bovine bone specimens were evaluated: the critical stress intensity factor, Kc, determined from the peak load to initiate fracture, and the energy or work of fracture, Wf, the energy required to extend a crack through a notched specimen. It(More)
This review highlights the recent advances in X-ray microcomputed tomography (Micro-CT) applied in dental research. It summarizes Micro-CT applications in measurement of enamel thickness, root canal morphology, evaluation of root canal preparation, craniofacial skeletal structure, micro finite element modeling, dental tissue engineering, mineral density of(More)
Isolated enamel defects are commonly seen in first permanent molar teeth but there has been little work on the physical and morphological composition of affected molars. The aim of this study was to determine the mechanical and morphological properties of hypomineralised first permanent molar teeth, utilising the Ultra-Micro-Indentation System (UMIS) and(More)
Gelatine sponge because of its flexibility, biocompatibility, and biodegradability, has the potential to be used as a scaffold to support osteoblasts and to promote bone regeneration in defective areas. This study aimed to determine osteoblast proliferation, differentiation, and integration in modified and un-modified gelatine sponges. Three scaffolds were(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the investigation was to assess the influence of sandblasting, grinding, grinding orientation, polishing and heat treatment on the flexural strength of a yittria stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystals ceramic (Y-TPZ). METHODS The specimens (160 beams) were equally divided into four groups according to the surface treatment(More)