Michael Swafford

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We organize an empirical analysis of Russian wage arrears around hypotheses concerning factors that create incentives for firms to pay late and for workers to tolerate late payment, both reinforced by a prevalent environment of overdue wages. Our analysis draws upon nationally representative household panel data matched with employer data to show(More)
This study presents trends in single parenthood in Russia and examines the factors that explain the living arrangements of single-mother households. The recent period of economic reforms in Russia has reduced government transfers, eliminated publicly subsidized preschool care programs, and worsened labor market opportunities for women. Our research shows(More)
A structured interview conducted during the postpartum hospitalization of 184 patients aged 17 years or younger was used to study teenagers' perceptions of barriers to prenatal care. The interview consisted of more than 100 questions on demographic characteristics, family and social support, desire for the pregnancy, perceptions of the importance of(More)
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