Michael Surman

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The invariant chain, which associates with the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules in the endoplasmic reticulum, serves two functions important in antigen processing. First, it prevents class II molecules from binding peptides in the early stages of intracellular transport. Second, it contains a cytoplasmic signal that targets the(More)
Tapasin forms a bridge between TAP (transporters associated with antigen processing) and MHC class I molecules and plays a critical role in class I assembly. In its absence, TAP and class I do not associate, and class I cell surface expression is reduced. We now identify two independent functions for tapasin. Tapasin increases TAP levels and allows more(More)
HLA-DM is a major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II-like molecule that facilitates antigen processing by catalyzing the exchange of invariant chain-derived peptides (CLIP) from class II molecules for antigenic peptides. HLA-DO is a second class II-like molecule that physically associates with HLA-DM in B cells. HLA-DO was shown to block HLA-DM(More)
Tapasin mediates the binding of MHC class I molecules to the transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP). Deletion mutants of tapasin were used to examine the effect of tapasin on interactions within the MHC class I complex. Binding to TAP is mediated by the C-terminal region of tapasin. Michaelis-Menten analysis of peptide transport shows that(More)
N-acetyl-L-leucyl-L-leucyl-L-norleucinal, (LLnL), which inhibits proteasomes in addition to other proteases, was found to prolong the association of major histocompatibility complex class I molecules with the transporters associated with antigen processing (TAP), and to slow their transport out of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). LLnL induced a reversible(More)
N-acetyl-r-leucyl-r-leucyl-t-norleucinal, (LLnL), which inhibits proteasomes in addition to other proteases, was found to prolong the association of major histocompatibility complex class I molecules with the transporters associated with antigen processing (TAP), and to slow their transport out of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). LLnL induced a reversible(More)
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