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Diabetic patients typically have not only hyperglycemia but also dyslipidemia. Study of the pathogenic components of the diabetic milieu and mechanisms of accelerated atherosclerosis is hindered by inadequate animal models. A potentially suitable animal model for human diabetic dyslipidemia is the pig, because it carries a large fraction of total(More)
Spontaneous transient outward K(+) currents (STOCs) elicited by Ca(2+) sparks and steady-state K(+) currents modulate vascular reactivity, but effects of artery size, diabetic dyslipidemia, and exercise on these differentially regulated K(+) currents are unclear. We studied the conduit arteries and microvessels of male Yucatan swine assigned to one of three(More)
This investigation was designed to examine the hypothesis that impaired function of coronary microvascular large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BK(Ca)) channels in metabolic syndrome (MetS) significantly attenuates the balance between myocardial oxygen delivery and metabolism at rest and during exercise-induced increases in myocardial oxygen consumption(More)
The patch clamp technique was used to make whole-cell recordings of calcium channel currents from single muscle cells freshly isolated from rat mesenteric arteries. The cells were found to contain two types of calcium channels; one type is activated by small depolarizations and inactivates quickly, whereas the other requires stronger depolarizations for(More)
BACKGROUND Extracellular uridine 5'-triphosphate (UTP) induces mitogenic activation of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) through binding to P2Y2 nucleotide receptors. P2Y2 receptor mRNA is upregulated in intimal lesions of rat aorta, but it is unclear how this G-protein-coupled receptor contributes to development of intimal hyperplasia. METHODS AND RESULTS This(More)
Muscle contractions cause numerous disturbances in intracellular homeostasis. This makes it impossible to use contracting muscle to identify which of the many signals generated by contractions are responsible for stimulating mitochondrial biogenesis. One purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of L6 myotubes, which do not contract, for studying(More)
BACKGROUND This investigation examined the mechanisms by which coronary perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT)-derived factors influence vasomotor tone and the PVAT proteome in lean versus obese swine. METHODS AND RESULTS Coronary arteries from Ossabaw swine were isolated for isometric tension studies. We found that coronary (P=0.03) and mesenteric (P=0.04)(More)
Electrophysiological recordings of inward currents from whole cells showed that vascular muscle cells have one type of sodium channel and two types of calcium channels. One of the calcium channels, the transient calcium channel, was activated by small depolarizations but then rapidly inactivated. It was equally permeable to calcium and barium and was(More)
Previous work has shown up-regulation of a UTP-sensitive P2Y receptor in porcine coronary smooth muscle cells (CSMC) of organ-cultured arteries. However, the molecular identity and functional role of this putative receptor remained undefined. Here we report the cloning of the cDNA for this receptor that encodes an open reading frame for a protein of 373(More)