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BACKGROUND Sperm DNA damage shows great promise as a biomarker of infertility. The study aim is to determine the usefulness of DNA fragmentation (DF), including modified bases (MB), to predict assisted reproduction treatment (ART) outcomes. METHODS DF in 360 couples (230 IVF and 130 ICSI) was measured by the alkaline Comet assay in semen and in sperm(More)
Sperm DNA damage has a negative impact on pregnancy rates following assisted reproduction treatment (ART). The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between sperm DNA fragmentation and live-birth rates after IVF and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). The alkaline Comet assay was employed to measure sperm DNA fragmentation in native(More)
INTRODUCTION Refractory asthma represents a significant unmet clinical need where the evidence base for the assessment and therapeutic management is limited. The British Thoracic Society (BTS) Difficult Asthma Network has established an online National Registry to standardise specialist UK difficult asthma services and to facilitate research into the(More)
A central paradox of vitamin D biology is that 1alpha,25-(OH)(2) D(3) exposure inversely relates to colorectal cancer (CRC) risk despite a capacity for activation of both pro- and anti-oncogenic mediators including osteopontin (OPN)/CD44 and E-cadherin, respectively. Most sporadic CRCs arise from adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene mutation but(More)
Red meat consumption is associated with endogenous metabolic generation of mutagenic N-nitroso compounds (NOC) and may be implicated in causation of colorectal cancer. Assessment of a biologically relevant dose of NOCs is hampered by imperfect understanding of NOC interactions with other dietary components. This study tests the hypothesis that NOC effects(More)
DISCLAIMER This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor the University of California nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any(More)
Fat distribution varies among individuals with similar body fat content. Innate differences in adipose cell characteristics may contribute because lipid accumulation and lipogenic enzyme activities vary among preadipocytes cultured from different fat depots. We determined expression of the adipogenic transcription factors peroxisome proliferator activated(More)
RATIONALE With the advent of new and expensive therapies for severe refractory asthma, targeting the appropriate patients is important. An important issue is identifying nonadherence with current therapies. The extent of nonadherence in a population with difficult asthma has not been previously reported. OBJECTIVES To examine the prevalence of(More)
Fat depots vary in function and size. The preadipocytes that fat cells develop from exhibit distinct regional characteristics that persist in culture. Human abdominal subcutaneous cultured preadipocytes undergo more extensive lipid accumulation, higher adipogenic transcription factor expression, and less TNF-alpha-induced apoptosis than omental(More)
BACKGROUND Difficult to control asthma accounts for significant morbidity and healthcare cost, and non-adherence to medication is a common cause. It remains unclear if targeting non-adherence in this population improves healthcare outcomes. METHODS All subjects were referred to a Specialist Difficult Asthma Service (60% from Respiratory physicians); poor(More)