Michael Stephens

Jessica Ruble2
Janet Hendricks2
2Jessica Ruble
2Janet Hendricks
2Deborah Carr
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Recent evidence suggests that American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis) may be capable of transmitting West Nile virus (WNV) to other alligators. We experimentally exposed 24 juvenile alligators to WNV parenterally or orally. All became infected, and all but three sustained viremia titers >5.0 log10 PFU/mL (a threshold considered infectious for Culex(More)
Nitrogen availability is crucial for crop yield with nitrogen fertilizer accounting for a large percentage of farmers' expenses. However, an untimely or excessive application of fertilizer can increase risks of negative environmental effects. These factors, along with the environmental and energy costs of synthesizing nitrogen fertilizer, led us to seek out(More)
BACKGROUND The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are common, complex disorders in which genetic and environmental factors are believed to interact leading to chronic inflammatory responses against the gut microbiota. Earlier genetic studies performed in mostly adult population of European descent identified 163 loci affecting IBD risk, but most have(More)
The areas of commercial wood plantations in Australia and New Zealand are 2.01 and 1.71 million hectares respectively, representing the predominant type of planted forest. This paper reviews the status of planted forests in Australia and New Zealand and discusses opportunities for further development taking into account economic, social and environmental(More)
  • Dom Kone, Molly Susla, Keith Love, Nicolette Kim, Lydia Ball, Caitlin Curcuruto +9 others
  • 2013
Figures Figure 1. Lake turnover in dimictic lakes. Figure 2. A conceptual model of the cycle of the major forms of phosphorus, dissolved (DP) and particulate (PP), within a lake ecosystem. Figure 3. The nitrogen cycle within a lake ecosystem. Figure 4. Comparisons of runoff after an April rainstorm in two neighboring watersheds near Augusta, ME. Figure 5.(More)