Michael Steinitz

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A lethal disease of koi and common carp (species Cyprinus carpio) has afflicted many fish farms worldwide since 1998, causing severe financial losses. Morbidity and mortality are restricted to common carp and koi and appear in spring and autumn, when water temperatures are 18 to 28 degrees C. We have isolated the virus causing the disease from sick fish,(More)
We have isolated a virus, which causes a mortal disease in cultured ornamental Koi and Common carps (Cyprinus carpio) in many countries worldwide. This unclassified virus, which causes nephritis and gill necrosis, and so has been given the name carp nephritis and gill necrosis virus (CNGV), has a morphology resembling the herpes virus, but bears a genomic(More)
Rheumatoid factors are the characteristic autoantibodies of rheumatoid arthritis, which bind to the Fc regions of IgG molecules. Here we report the crystal structure of the Fab fragment of a patient-derived IgM rheumatoid factor (RF-AN) complexed with human IgG4 Fc, at 3.2 A resolution. This is the first structure of an autoantibody-autoantigen complex. The(More)
CyHV-3 (Cyprinid herpesvirus-3) is a large DNA virus that causes a fatal disease in koi and common carp. Infection with wild type or attenuated virus induces an immune response that renders the fish resistant to further virus challenges. The kinetics and affinity of the antibody response in immune fish depend on the temperature of the water.(More)
Amyloid beta protein (Abeta) levels are elevated in the brain of Alzheimer's disease patients. Anti-Abeta antibodies can reverse the histologic and cognitive impairments in mice which overexpress Abeta. Passive immunization appears safer than vaccination and treatment of patients will likely require human rather than xenogenic antibodies. Effective(More)
ELISA provides a highly sensitive procedure for quantitating antigens and antibodies. In that assay, microwells are coated initially with a specific ligand and then saturated with inert molecules to minimize nonspecific background. Coating can be improved by pretreating the microwells with poly-l-lysine (PLL). Proteins and Tween 20 are most often used to(More)
While the presence of naturally occurring antibodies (Abs) against amyloid-beta in AD patients and healthy subjects have been repeatedly reported, no data on the presence of naturally occurring Abs against tau protein, in its unphosphorylated as well as its pathologically phosphorylated state, has been reported so far. We describe here the detection of(More)
Transplantation of bone marrow from SCID mice into lethally irradiated normal mice can potentially endow the normal recipients with characteristics typical of the immune-deficient SCID mouse. In the present study, we investigated whether intraperitoneal grafting of human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs), which has been documented in the SCID mouse, can(More)
Clinical trials of immunotoxins in cancer patients have been limited in many cases by vascular leak syndrome (VLS). Recently, rats were identified as a model for VLS induced by BR96 sFv-PE40, a carcinoma-reactive single-chain immunotoxin. In this study, the toxin component of this immunotoxin, PE40, was found to be responsible for inducing hydrothorax in(More)