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Amyloid beta protein (Abeta) levels are elevated in the brain of Alzheimer's disease patients. Anti-Abeta antibodies can reverse the histologic and cognitive impairments in mice which overexpress Abeta. Passive immunization appears safer than vaccination and treatment of patients will likely require human rather than xenogenic antibodies. Effective(More)
Two anti-amyloid-beta human antibody-producing cell lines were established from amyloid-beta (Abeta)-selected lymphocytes from peripheral blood of healthy adults. ELISA and Western blot analysis showed that the monoclonal antibodies bound with high affinity to the 43 amino acid-long amyloid-beta peptide. The antigen epitope of these antibodies encountered(More)
While the presence of naturally occurring antibodies (Abs) against amyloid-beta in AD patients and healthy subjects have been repeatedly reported, no data on the presence of naturally occurring Abs against tau protein, in its unphosphorylated as well as its pathologically phosphorylated state, has been reported so far. We describe here the detection of(More)
BACKGROUND Alzheimers disease (AD) has been strongly linked to an anomalous self-assembly of the amyloid-β peptide (Aβ). The correlation between clinical symptoms of AD and Aβ depositions is, however, weak. Instead small and soluble Aβ oligomers are suggested to exert the major pathological effects. In strong support of this notion, immunological targeting(More)
PURPOSE Fundamental to the maintenance of ionic concentration gradients and transparency of the lens is the activity of Na+,K+-adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) in the epithelial layer. Recent studies have identified endogenous digitalis-like compounds (DLCs) and 19-norbufalin and its peptide derivatives in human cataractous lenses. These compounds inhibit(More)
A lethal disease of koi and common carp (species Cyprinus carpio) has afflicted many fish farms worldwide since 1998, causing severe financial losses. Morbidity and mortality are restricted to common carp and koi and appear in spring and autumn, when water temperatures are 18 to 28 degrees C. We have isolated the virus causing the disease from sick fish,(More)
Peripheral blood lymphocytes and B-cells were obtained from patients with myasthenia gravis and stimulated in vitro with either pokeweed mitogen or Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), respectively. EBV stimulation of B-cells caused a production of antibodies to acetylcholine receptor in 15 of the 25 myasthenia gravis patients: the EBV stimulation of B-cells was more(More)
Clinical trials of immunotoxins in cancer patients have been limited in many cases by vascular leak syndrome (VLS). Recently, rats were identified as a model for VLS induced by BR96 sFv-PE40, a carcinoma-reactive single-chain immunotoxin. In this study, the toxin component of this immunotoxin, PE40, was found to be responsible for inducing hydrothorax in(More)
Human B lymphocytes are immortalized by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV, ref. 1). The virus can be used to establish lymphoblastoid cell lines that produce and actively secrete specific antibodies. The original method, which we have used for various antigens is based on selection of the specific surface antigen receptor-positive lymphocytes from the peripheral(More)