Michael Steiner

Learn More
INTRODUCTION For the prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) after coronary angiography, hydration by 0.9% sodium chloride solution and N-acetylcysteine is currently recommended. However, it is unclear whether volume supplementation with sodium bicarbonate is better than with sodium chloride when used in conjunction with nonionic, low-osmolar(More)
The measurement of body composition is of value in the nutritional assessment of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The purpose of the present study was to compare two bedside methods for the measurement of body composition using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) as a reference method. Fat-free mass (FFM) was measured using(More)
Simple collagen-related peptides (CRPs) containing a repeat Gly-Pro-Hyp sequence are highly potent platelet agonists. Like collagen, they must exhibit tertiary (triple-helical) and quaternary (polymeric) structure to activate platelets. Platelet signaling events induced by the peptides are the same as most of those induced by collagen. The peptides do not(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether an early rehabilitation intervention initiated during acute admission for exacerbations of chronic respiratory disease reduces the risk of readmission over 12 months and ameliorates the negative effects of the episode on physical performance and health status. DESIGN Prospective, randomised controlled trial. SETTING An(More)
OBJECTIVES Childhood obesity contributes to the development of adult obesity and subsequent cardiovascular disease. The present study aimed to assess vascular status (flow-mediated vasodilation [FMD], intima-media thickness [IMT]) and to analyze plasma surrogate endothelial markers (von Willebrand factor [vWf], E-selectin, and thrombomodulin) in obese(More)
Patients with Type 2 (non-insulin dependent) diabetes mellitus are at increased risk of thrombosis and the premature development of atherosclerosis. This may be related to damage to the endothelium (which may be the primary target tissue for the disease process) resulting from a loss of normal glycaemic metabolic control. Thus changes in endothelial cell(More)
Human platelet lysate was shown to contain growth-promoting activity for four well-established malignant cell lines. Platelet lysate was able to support their cell proliferation without plasma or serum, indicating that platelets contained "survival factor" as well as mitogenic factor for these tumor cells. The growth-promoting activity was nondialyzable,(More)
BACKGROUND Skeletal muscle dysfunction is a systemic feature of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), contributing to morbidity and mortality. Physical training improves muscle mass and function in COPD, but the molecular regulation therein is poorly understood. METHODS Candidate genes and proteins regulating muscle protein breakdown (ubiquitin(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary rehabilitation is effective in improving exercise performance and health status in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the role of nutritional support in the enhancement of the benefits of exercise training has not been explored. A double blind, randomised, controlled trial of carbohydrate supplementation was(More)