Learn More
SENSE reconstruction suffers from an ill-conditioning problem, which increasingly lowers the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) as the reduction factor increases. Ill-conditioning also degrades the convergence behavior of iterative conjugate gradient reconstructions for arbitrary trajectories. Regularization techniques are often used to alleviate the(More)
SENSE has been widely accepted as one of the standard reconstruction algorithms for Parallel MRI. When large acceleration factors are employed, the SENSE reconstruction becomes very ill-conditioned. For Cartesian SENSE, Tikhonov regularization has been commonly used. However, the Tikhonov regularized image usually tends to be overly smooth, and a(More)
A commercially available open MRI unit is under routine use for radiation therapy simulation. The effects of a gradient distortion correction (GDC) program used to post process the images were assessed by comparison with the known geometry of a phantom. The GDC reduced the magnitude of the distortions at the periphery of the axial images from 12 mm to 2 mm(More)
In parallel imaging, the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of sensitivity encoding (SENSE) reconstruction is usually degraded by the ill-conditioning problem, which becomes especially serious at large acceleration factors. Existing regularization methods have been shown to alleviate the problem. However, they usually suffer from image artifacts at high(More)
Modulation transfer functions (MTFs) are used to analyze the spatial frequency transfer characteristics of medical imaging systems. By definition, accurate MTFs should not include the effects of image noise and they should not be aliased. Therefore, many techniques used to compute MTFs register and average together multiple profiles to improve both signal(More)
A new method for computing the modulation transfer function (MTF) of magnetic resonance (MR) imagers is presented. Previous attempts to compute the MTF of MR images used nonlinear magnitude reconstructed images, resulting in erroneous MTFs. By using complex domain images, the new method produces predisplay MTFs which describe the spatial frequency transfer(More)
The field of MR imaging has grown from diagnosis via morphologic imaging to more sophisticated diagnosis via both physiologic and morphologic imaging and finally to the guidance and control of interventions. A wide variety of interventional procedures from open brain surgeries to noninvasive focused ultrasound ablations have been guided with MR and the(More)
A new method for computing the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of magnetic resonance images is presented. The proposed method is a "difference of images" based technique where two images are produced from one acquisition in which the readout direction field of view (FOV) and matrix size are doubled compared to the phase encode direction. Two "normal" unaliased(More)
DISCLAIMER: This publication is based on sources and information believed to be reliable, but the AAPM, the authors, and the editors disclaim any warranty or liability based on or relating to the contents of this publication. The AAPM does not endorse any products, manufacturers , or suppliers. Nothing in this publication should be interpreted as implying(More)
PURPOSE To quantify the dosimetric consequences of external patient contour distortions produced on low-field and high-field MRIs for external beam radiation of prostate cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS A linearity phantom consisting of a grid filled with contrast material was scanned on a spiral CT, a 0.23 T open MRI, and a 1.5 T closed bore system.(More)