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Phylogenetic relationships among the four major lineages of land plants (liverworts, mosses, hornworts, and vascular plants) remain vigorously contested; their resolution is essential to our understanding of the origin and early evolution of land plants. We analyzed three different complementary data sets: a multigene supermatrix, a genomic structural(More)
Structure, variability, and molecular evolution of the trnL(UAA) intron in bryophytes (mosses and liverworts) is analyzed based on more than 1000 sequences representing all classes, including comparisons of lengths and GC-contents, sequence similarities, evolutionary rates and ti/tv ratios of the major lineages and selected genera. Secondary structure(More)
Tropical mountains are hot spots of biodiversity and endemism, but the evolutionary origins of their unique biotas are poorly understood. In varying degrees, local and regional extinction, long-distance colonization, and local recruitment may all contribute to the exceptional character of these communities. Also, it is debated whether mountain endemics(More)
Bryophytes are a group of early land plants, whose specific ecophysiological and biological features, including poikilohydry, sensitivity to moderately high temperature and high dispersal ability, make them ideal candidates for investigating the impact of climate changes. Employing a combined approach of species distribution modelling (SDM) and molecular(More)
BACKGROUND Lejeunea is a largely epiphytic, subcosmopolitan liverwort genus with a complex taxonomic history. Species circumscriptions and their relationships are subject to controversy; biogeographic history and diversification through time are largely unknown. METHODOLOGY AND RESULTS We employed sequences of two chloroplast regions (trnL-trnF, rbcL) and(More)
In bryophytes a morphological species concept is still most commonly employed, but delimitation of closely related species based on morphological characters is often difficult. Here we test morphological species circumscriptions in a species complex of the moss genus Racomitrium, the R. canescens complex, based on variable DNA sequence markers from the(More)
DNA sequences have been widely used for taxonomy, inferring phylogenetic relationships and identifying species boundaries. Several specific methods to define species delimitations based on molecular phylogenies have appeared recently, with the generalized mixed Yule coalescent (GMYC) method being most popular. However, only few studies on land plants have(More)
Many bryophytes exhibit specific life forms that result in the formation of distinct patches. This is primarily achieved by "consequent vegetative multiplication" through indeterminate growth and vegetative reproduction. Little, however, is known about the underlying mechanisms and genetic patterns. In this study on vegetative multiplication in bryophytes,(More)
In phylogenetic trees generated from partial trnL(UAA) intron sequences, the hornworts (represented by nine species from the genera Anthoceros, Dendroceros, Megaceros, Notothylas and Phaeoceros) are resolved as a monophyletic group and are separated from the clades of mosses, liverworts and tracheophytes. A secondary structure of the trnL(UAA) intron of(More)
The identification of bryophytes from the Arctic is often difficult due to deviating morphologies under the extreme environmental conditions. This is especially true for species-rich and taxonomically complex genera, such as the moss genus Dicranum. DNA barcoding is expected to improve the identification of Arctic bryophyte species, but the optimal(More)